Tetsaveh (“you shall command”) Exodus 27:20-30:10

Ezekiel 21; 24 “Therefore, thus says the Lord God, ‘Because you have made your iniquity to be remembered, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your deeds your sins appear—because you have come to remembrance, you will be seized with the hand. 25 And you, O slain, wicked one, the prince of Israel, whose day has come, in the time of the punishment of the end,’ 26 thus says the Lord God, ‘Remove the turban and take off the crown; this will no longer be the same. Exalt that which is low and abase that which is high. 27 A ruin, a ruin, a ruin, I will make it.

This also will be no more until He comes whose right it is, and I will give it.


This week’s Torah portion is the second in the commencing series of instructions regarding the Mishkan. This topic of Temple Service is central to our faith and is THE internal  significant “theme” around which our whole body of scripture revolves. Temple Service? A topic scarcely touched in depth from the pulpits or recognized as forefront in mainstream Christianity? Indeed, if one takes the time you can see that you can not get far when reading your bible without some mention of worship, offering, reference to the Feasts (which revolve around the Temple), etc. That INCLUDES the apostolic scriptures. Yeshua and his disciples oft appeared, worshiped, and taught in the Temple courts. Yes this concept of the “other” and wholly “Echad” (one) author of all Creation coming ‘down’ to dwell among and within a people is forefront to our faith and without an attempt to deepen our understanding of Temple service I believe we will miss a great deal of meaning within the sacrificial death of the Messiah Yeshua, for he is what is being foreshadowed via the greater wealth of Temple service elements, even color and fabric, levels and layers, offerings and services.


I am going to take you with me through this entry along the course which the Lord led and God willing it will bless you and give glory to His greatness and how interconnected and masterfully woven His word is. Tetsaveh begins with the instructions regarding Aaron and his sons the Kohanim (priests) and their Vestments. Garments for their service.

לכהנו_____Strongs_____H3547 kahan kaw-han’- a primitive root, apparently meaning to mediate in religious services, but used only as denominative from H3548; to officiate as a priest; figuratively, to put on regalia.

– This word Kahan- to minister as a priest,  or Kohen, the officiating officer, or Priest. This is the focal point of all Temple Service, this man who comes as intercessor, advocate, representative for the people before the Lord. Especially the Kohen Gadol who dons the Holy garments for Splendor and Beauty.

לי (Li- for Me)
Lechahano-Li… לְכַהֲנוֹ־לִי

Shemot (Exodus) 28; 1“Then bring near to yourself Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the sons of Israel, to minister as priest ( לכהנו ) to Me—Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons. You shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. You shall speak to all the skillful persons whom I have endowed with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister as priest (לכהנו) to Me. These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest (לכהנו) to Me.



– Immediately we recognize the importance of these garments, they are not to be worn out in the camp when attending to regular everyday activities. They are holy garments strictly for this service in Ministering to God. There were certainly different sizes made for the ranges of body sizes and shapes of the men who would wear them, that would include the High Priestly garb.

משזר_____Strongs_____H7806 shazar shaw-zar’-a primitive root; to twist (a thread of straw).

מעשה _____Strongs_____ H4639 ma`aseh mah-as-eh’- from H6213; an action (good or bad); generally, a transaction; abstractly, activity; by implication, a product (specifically, a poem) or (generally) property.

28; 6  “They shall also make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple,scarlet and fine twisted (משזר shazar) linen, the work ( מעשה ma’aseh) of the skillful workman.

garments 2

– Something interesting that is taught about this Torah portion is that this is the section of the Torah where Moshe’s name is NOT found. The sages say this is God’s response to Moshe’s ‘request’: Exodus 32; 32 But now, if You will, forgive their sin—and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!” As I was reading I noticed that although it is not explicit, I still saw Moshe’s name embedded in the text. Almost as though it is still woven into our Torah portion. Look at the word above, Ma’aseh…if you remove the letter Shin, you would have Moshe.

משה_____Strongs_____ H4872 Mosheh mo-sheh’ from H4871; drawing out (of the water), i.e. rescued; Mosheh, the Israelite lawgiver.

ימשני_____Strongs_____ H4871 mashah maw-shaw’- a primitive root; to pull out (literally or figuratively), is the root of Moshe’s name.

This word Moshe, with its root meaning- to draw out of the water is found three places in Tanakh as shown below (awesomely both references from Samuel and Psalms in context seem to be accounts of the Exodus from Egypt, redemption of the people, salvation at the Sea of reeds and engagement/revelation at Sinai).


משיתהו (Ex.2;10)  The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. And she named him Moses, and said, “Because I drew him out ( משיתהו ) of the water.”

ימשני II Sam 22; 14-17 “The Lord thundered from heaven, and the Most High uttered His voice. “And He sent out arrows, and scattered them, lightning, and routed them.  “Then the channels of the sea appeared,
The foundations of the world were laid bare by the rebuke of the Lord,at the blast of the breath of His nostrils. “He sent from on high, He took me; He drew me out (ימשני)  of many waters.

ימשני (Psalm18;16- 18)  He sent from on high, He took me; He drew me out (ימשני) of many waters.
 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from those who hated me, for they were too mighty for me. They confronted me in the day of my calamity, but the Lord was my stay.

” moshezar ma’aseh…” Try and say those two words together. I sure hear Moshe…..

Exodus 28; 6 “They shall also make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple, scarlet and fine linen twisted the work (moshezar ma’aseh) of the skillful workman.


from the water

Significance? There could be many things, the fact that Moshe up until the point of Aaron’s ordination is serving as the Kohen Gadol before HaShem, the notion that Aaron took a major role in the Sin of the golden calf and because of Moshe’s intercession and something concealed within the heart of Aaron that only God could have known of and taken into His account, thereby allowing he and his line forever a priesthood, the realization that only when Moshe and Aaron came together to work in brotherhood in the blessing of the people did the “glory fall” and consume all the inaugural offerings. All these things are interesting to think about and I find it fascinating that Moshe’s name is involved in this woven work, the Ephod, one of the garments of the Kohen Gadol which held up the breastplate of Judgment.

-So I went on hearing the Hebrew cantilization (chanting of the Hebrew scriptures in traditional ‘tune’) and noting the words, sounds and ideas of interest.

מסבת_____Strongs_____H4142 muwcabbah moo-sab-baw’ or mucabbah {moo-sab-baw’}; feminine of H4141; a reversal, i.e. the backside (of a gem), fold (of a double-leaved door), transmutation (of a name).

משבצות _____Strongs_____ H4865 mishbtsah mish-bets-aw’ from H7660; a brocade; by analogy, a (reticulated) setting of a gem.

מֻסַבֹּת מִשְׁבְּצוֹת musabot mishbetsot (also found in.. Ezekiel 41;24)

Shemot (Exodus) 28; 11 As a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set them in filigree (Musabot mishbetsot)of gold.

Shemot (Exodus) 39;6  They made the onyx stones, set (musabot) in gold filigree (mushbetsot) ; they were engraved  the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel.And he placed them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as memorial stones for the sons of Israel, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

מוסב_____Strongs_____H4141 muwcab moo-sawb’- from H5437; a turn, i.e. circuit (of a building). Ezekiel 41;7…
נסבו_____Strongs_____H5437 cabab saw-bab’- a primitive root; to revolve, surround, or border.

priest garments

-So I am searching and the word “Interwoven” strikes me from the English version of the text in the NASB. I look some more and find it in the Hebrew לבושה lbuwsh pronounced leb-oosh’ or lbush=  a garment (literally or figuratively); by implication (euphemism) a wife. I Found that definition alone fascinating but then I kept looking and wondered where else it might be found. To my great delight I found it in one of my favorite Psalms, it speaks of a King riding in glory making battle and ruling with a scepter of fairness…with a throne given by God and established for eternity! Psalm 45. As I kept digging I found that this Psalm bore striking connections to the Torah sedra Tetsaveh on the simple level and much deeper. This relatively short Psalm shares a whopping TWENTY FIVE significant words in either precise or close form and definition with our Torah portion and the themes which connect can not be ignored. (There are two examples I use which apply to the Torah texts in Chapter 30, one from Chapter 27 however all are in context of this Torah portion and the Holy Mishkan services. ) 

First, read the Psalm from the English translation and note where I have marked the Hebrew words which are found in our Torah Portion-Tetzaveh, I have put them in (bold).


Psalm 45 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

A Song Celebrating the King’s Marriage.
For the choir director; according to the Shoshannim. A Maskil of the sons of Korah. A Song of Love.

Psalm 45 My heart (לבי Lev) overflows with a good theme (דבר word- dabar); I address my verses (מעשי-Ma’asah) to the King; my tongue is the pen of a ready writer. 2 You are fairer than the sons of men; grace is poured (הוצק -Yatsach) upon Your lips; therefore God has blessed You forever (לעולם-l’olam). 3 Gird (חגור Cagar)Your sword on Your thigh (ירך yarek), O Mighty One, in Your splendor and Your majesty! 4 And in Your majesty ride on victoriously, for the cause (דבר word-dabar) of truth and meekness and righteousness; let Your right hand teach You awesome things. 5 Your arrows are sharp; the peoples fall under You (תחתיך Tachath); Your arrows are in the heart (בלב Lev) of the King’s enemies. 6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever (LeOwlamVaed ועד עולם ) ; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed (משחך Mashach) You with the oil (שמן Shemen) of joy above Your fellows. 8 All Your garments(בגדתיך beged) are fragrant with myrrh (מר More) and aloes and cassia; out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made You glad. 9 Kings’ daughters are among Your noble ladies; At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir. 10 Listen (שמעי Shema), O daughter, give attention and incline your ear (אזנך ozen): forget your people and your father’s house (ובית baiyth); 11 Then the King will desire your beauty. Because He is your Lord, bow down to Him. 12 The daughter of Tyre will come with a gift (במנחה Mincha) in the faces of you (פניך Paniym); the rich (עשירי ashiyr) among the people will seek your favor. 13 The King’s daughter is all glorious within (פנימה pniymah) ; her clothing (לבושה lbuwsh)is interwoven (משבצות mishbtsah) with gold (זהב zahab). 14 She will be led to the King in embroidered work (לרקמות riqmah); the virgins, her companions who follow her (אחריה acher), will be brought to You. 15 They will be led forth with gladness and rejoicing; they will enter into the King’s palace.16 In place of (תחת tachath) your fathers will be your sons; You shall make them princes in all the earth (הארץ eretz). 17 I will cause Your name to be remembered (אזכירה zakar) in all generations (דר ודר dore v’dore); therefore the peoples will give You thanks forever and ever (ועד לעלם L’owlam vaed).

— Even with the simple surface reading you can see the many connections to Tetsaveh. I have listed below the Hebrew words in the order in which they appear in Psalm 45 and the definition of each word. I have documented the texts from the Torah portion where the parallel words are found. Let’s go through them and think about what the significance there might be in this find!

gushing heart

1)  Lev- Heart

The Psalmists’ heart is GUSHING (רחש- rachash) with this good word! It is about the King. The Messiah, for it states His Throne is from God and is Forever and ever. The Psalmist describes the arrows of the King sharp and in the heart (Lev) of the King’s enemies, the nations who would oppose Him. 

בלב_____Strongs_____ H3820 leb (labe) – a form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.

Shemot 28; 3 You shall speak to all the skillful (לב OF HEART -Lev) persons whom I have endowed with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister as priest to Me.

Shemot 28; 28 They shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod. 29 Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart (לבו Lev) when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually. 30 You shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart (לב Lev) when he goes in before the Lord; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart (לבו Lev) before the Lord continually.

–What is interesting is that this breastplate is to be worn by the Kohen Gadol when he ministers before HaShem, he bears the names of the tribes…of Israel over his heart. It is a breastplate of Judgment (המשפט Mishpat- properly, a verdict, divine law, justice.) which is the embodiment or representation of the tribes. It is worth noting that there are only two of the 22 Hebrew Aleph-Bet letters which aren’t found on the Breast plate. These two letters are chet חָ and Tet טָ. This is the Hebrew word for sin- chata חָטָא. In connection with our Psalm, it is arrows in the heart (Lev) of the enemies or ADVERSARY of the King. The breastplate as an instrument of armor would protect and shield the heart from being pierced by an arrow.  (sin= to miss the mark).


2) Dabar- Word

The Psalmist begins with a heart gushing and pen ready to relate this good word, dabar. Then we are given this vision of a King beautiful beyond other men with graciousness, kindness even more beauty poured out on His lips! Lips with which to speak and he rides bedecked in  והדרך hadar =  magnificence, i.e. ornament or splendor. You can almost see the beautiful garments of the Kohen Gadol, ornamented and embellished and set apart from all the other men, the other Kohanim, who wear the plain white linen tunics, breeches, etc. This set apart King is pushed forward to ride in והדרך hadar (it is repeated), He rides with the Dabar- Word, of royal truth, word of righteousness, being directed by the right hand. It is by the Word the Kohanim (priests) are to be set apart for HaShem and their service to Him.  

דבר_____Strongs_____H1697 dabar (daw-baw’)– from H1696; a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause.

Shemot 29;1 “Now this is (הדבר the word- DABAR) what you shall do to them to consecrate them to minister as priests to Me…

set apart 2

3) Action- Ma’aseh

The Psalmist expresses, he is addressing his action, his activity, his deeds, his work- Ma’aseh to the King, with the tongue ready to mark this prophetic glimpse of the King himself. There was ma’aseh all over the first section of our Torah portion as the skillful workmen, endowed with the spirit of HaShem, put together the beautiful garments of the high priest. This theme will follow us through the rest of Shemot (Exodus) as the people come together and bring more and more materials, more and more contributions and put themselves faithfully to this work. It is action which produces a result. The result which is desired is connection with HaShem, especially after the sin of the golden calf the people are longing to have Him in their midst. The result which arrives at the end of Shemot, the Glory resting over the Mishkhan in cloud and fire.

מעשה _____Strongs_____ H4639 ma`aseh mah-as-eh’- from H6213; an action (good or bad); generally, a transaction; abstractly, activity; by implication, a product (specifically, a poem) or (generally) property.



Shemot (Exodus) 28; 6 “They shall also make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work (מעשה Ma’aseh) of the skillful workman. 7 It shall have two shoulder pieces joined to its two ends, that it may be joined. 8 The skillfully woven band, which is on it, shall be like its workmanship (כמעשהו ma’aseh), of the same material: of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen. 9 You shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 10 six of their names on the one stone and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, according to their birth. 11 As  (מעשה ma’aseh- the handiwork of…)a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set them in filigree settings of gold. 12 You shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders for a memorial. 13 You shall make filigree settings of gold, 14 and two chains of pure gold; you shall make them of twisted cordage work (מעשה ma’aseh), and you shall put the corded chains on the filigree settings. 15 “You shall make a breastpiece of judgment, the work (מעשה ma’aseh) of a skillful workman; like the work (כמעשה ma’aseh) of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen you shall make it. 16 It shall be square and folded double, a span in length and a span in width. 17 You shall mount on it four rows of stones; the first row shall be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald; 18 and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond; 19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row a beryl and an onyx and a jasper; they shall be set in gold filigree. 21 The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each according to his name for the twelve tribes. 22 You shall make on the breastpiece chains of twisted cordage work (מעשה ma’aseh) in pure gold. 23 You shall make on the breastpiece two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece…… 31 “You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 32 There shall be an opening at its top in the middle of it; around its opening there shall be a binding of woven work (מעשה Ma’aseh) , like the opening of a coat of mail, so that it will not be torn. …….. 39 “You shall weave the tunic of checkered work (מעשה Ma’aseh) of fine linen, and shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash, the work of a weaver.



4) Yatsaq- pour out  

The Psalmist describes a being, brilliant…brighter…more beautiful than other sons. Graciousness, kindness, beauty itself is Yatsaq- poured out upon his lips. This Hebrew word for lips is fascinating, it can mean the margin of a vessel, a natural boundary, hence this picture of the Chen-grace pouring over this boundary is certainly an attribute of the Messiah and King. In the word Messiah- Mashiac- we find the word Mashak (which we will get to) which means anointed. In our Torah text we find this word Yatsaq in the description of the anointing of the Kohen gadol (high priest) being POURED OUT over  the head, turban and tzitz (crown on which is written Kodesh L’ Adonai= Holy to the Lord). The Psalmist continues verse two with therefore “God has blessed you for eternity.” It is the outpouring of grace beyond the natural boundaries which causes God to bless this King, L’owlam- for eternity. In both texts its clear there is an appointing, anointing, and headship which arrives from the sanctification, in being set apart for a service to HaShem. Both our King and our Kohen have been given eternal promises. [ Shemot 28;43 They shall be on Aaron and on his sons….statute forever to him and to his descendants after him. Vayikra (Leviticus) 24; very sabbath day he shall set it in order before the Lord continually; it is an everlasting covenant …..It shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from the Lord’s offerings by fire, portion forever.”]

ויצק_____Strongs_____H3332 yatsaq (yaw-tsak)– properly, to pour out (transitive or intransitive); by implication, to melt or cast as metal; by extension, to place firmly, to stiffen or grow hard.

Shemot 29; 5 You shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece, and gird him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod; 6 and you shall set the turban on his head and put the holy crown on the turban. 7 Then you shall take the anointing oil and pour (ויצק YATSAQ) it on his head and anoint him.

poured out

5) Owlam- Forever 

There is perhaps no more important a word than this. Owlam. It is at the center of replacement theology, division among the bodies of believers in the God of Abraham, and contention regarding the everlasting state of the statues of the Lord. How so? The notion that what God expressly states as being eternal, could have been only for certain people at certain times for certain reasons in specified places…versus a precise, functioning, active and unchanging…lasting standard for all people for all time….is the ideology which causes doubt, disbelief, distention, division and discredits the eternal nature of ALL-kol, the WHOLE of the work and word of our King.

The Psalmist dispatches this term, owlam (forever) and l’owlam vaed (forever, throughout generations) in a threefold revelation. The first owlam in verse  2 relates the blessing and it comes from God. This King is blessed by God and what God has blessed can not be cursed…

Bamidbar (Numbers) 23; 20 “Behold, I have received to bless; When He has blessed, then I cannot revoke it21 “He has not observed misfortune in Jacob; nor has He seen trouble in Israel; the Lord his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.

The second owlam in verse 6 describes the eternal throne of the King, he will reign and judge the people with fairness, a scepter of justice- straight, level, plain. He has been blessed and his appointment is based upon the way that God knows he will rule this Kingdom, in righteousness. Therefore his throne from God is lasting, forever.

The third owlam in verse 17 is in perfect order with the preceding two because it describes the praise our King on the eternal throne will receive…worship, honor, glory. The Hebrew word in the Psalm for praise…is יהודך Yada – used literally, to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively, to bemoan (by wringing the hands). It is oft translated as “confess”. It is magnificent this picture- a blessing, the reign and throne, and with him seated there and ruling in justice people will confess, come to faith, and offer praises and worship to him forever!

without end

Our Torah text relates the importance of these Priestly garments in connection with Aaron and his progeny serving HaShem- owlam.  If they aren’t crafted right, worn right, presented right…..’right’ being – as HaShem has stated in His Torah, this service will not function. These garments, their meaning and representation are a picture for us and to eternity. The tribes of Israel born over the heart of the intercessor to reconnect and bind the people to HaShem and allow for their worship and praise of Him via their offerings.

לעולם_____Strongs_____ H5769 `owlam o-lawm’ or lolam {o-lawm’}; from H5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always. Compare H5331, H5703.

Shemot 28;43 They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur guilt and die. It shall be a statute forever (עולם owlam) to him and to his descendants after him.

Shemot 29;9 You shall gird  them with sashes, Aaron and his sons, and bind caps on them, and they shall have the priesthood by a perpetual (עולם owlam) statute. So you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

( for an in depth look at the word Owlam and its usages: https://safeguardingtheeternal.wordpress.com/2014/05/05/did-perhaps-god-really-mean-eternal-an-inquiry-part-i/ )


6) Chagar- Gird 

The Psalmist describes our King as beautiful, merciful, eternally blessed and now he is revealed as gearing up and mobilizing for battle of some sort. He is girded with a sword, the sword typically being placed in a sheath of and attached to the belt area. Similar to the description from our Torah text where we find Moshe being commanded to gird Aaron and is sons with their sashes (which are bound to the body in the similar area that this sword would be). Again we have just read that this King has a throne in perpetuity and here we see him girded with his sword, Aaron and his sons are girded with their sashes and turbans and then we are reminded they are priests perpetually.


It may or not be significant that in the Torah this word is used sparingly ( only 6 times in this form) and only when referring to the girding on the garments of the Kohanim. These verses of the Priests and their girded garments are sandwiched between two interesting portions of Text not relating specifically to the priestly garments. The first appearance of Cagar is found in Exodus 12;11 [ Now you shall eat it in this manner: your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the Lord’s Passover.] This command to gird up and be ready came from the Lord and was instrumental in their preparation for the deliverance from Egypt a situation wherein God Himself was among the people leading them and taking them out.

lions girded

The last appearance of Cagar comes from Devarim (Deuteronomy) 1;41 [ “Then you said to me, ‘We have sinned against theLord; we will indeed go up and fight, just as the Lord our God commanded us.’ And every man of you girded on his weapons of war, and regarded it as easy to go up into the hill country. 42 And the Lord said to me, ‘Say to them, “Do not go up nor fight, for I am not among you; otherwise you will be defeated before your enemies.”’] Moses is recounting to the people how they had feared to enter the Land of Canaan even though the Lord assured them He would be with them, then that generation became cursed to wander for 40 years, their children would enter but they would not. Upon hearing this the people again hastily gird up and prepare…but this time it is not by the Command of the Lord and He makes it explicit that this time He is not going with them. They wage a battle which is not blessed of God and suffer heavy casualties.  

חגור_____Strongs_____ H2296 chagar khaw-gar’- to gird on (as a belt, armor, etc.).

Shemot (Exodus) 29; 9 You shall gird (חגרים cagar) them with sashes, Aaron and his sons, and bind caps on them, and they shall have the priesthood by a perpetual statute. So you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

So we have our Priests whom are charged to guard and protect the Mishkan and its services, that would include some sort of weaponry to ensure there were no thefts,etc. We know that there are certain weapons on hand [ Numbers 25; Then behold, one of the sons of Israel came and brought to his relatives a Midianite woman, in the sight of Moses and in the sight of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, while they were weeping at the doorway of the tent of meeting. When Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he arose from the midst of the congregation and took a spear in his hand, and he went after the man of Israel into the tent and pierced both of them through, the man of Israel and the woman, through the body.] Warrior Priests girded for their Charge and this Righteous Warrior King girded with his sword. 


7) Yarek- Thigh 

The Psalmist describes this King with His sword girded upon his thigh- the Yarek in the bible is a place of strength, it is significant that this is the place where Abraham causes Eleazar to grasp when taking an oath to find Issac a wife from Abraham’s kin, (Genesis 24;2) it is the Yarek which the ‘angel’ strikes when struggling with Israel all night (Genesis 32;25). We read in Genesis 46; 26 All the persons belonging to Jacob, who came to Egypt, his direct descendants…. (NASB) it says in the Hebrew- those coming forth from the YAREK of him, from his thigh or from his loins. Again in  Exodus 1; All the persons who came from the loins (YAREK) of Jacob were seventy in number, but Joseph was in Egypt. 

The Psalmist continues to describe our King with His sword girded to His thigh, His Yarek, His strong place, His place of oath taking, and so too our Kohanim are covered with breeches, which will reach from their ממתנים  mothen – from an unused root meaning to be slender; properly, the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins…to their Yarek. The purpose of these breeches was for modesty and function, that there be no exposure of the bodies of Priests and that they not have to concern themselves with being “secured” while performing their duties. Our King is described as girded with a sword and the Psalmist even refers to Him a warrior- גבור gibbowr- powerful; by implication, warrior….however the sword is not all that He is girded in….it is Grandeur as an imposing presence, and magnificence, ornament or splendor. Truly, not a stretch when reading the description of the Priestly Garments. Exodus 28; You shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.

ירכים_____Strongs_____ H3409 yarek yaw-rake’ from an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphem. the generative parts; figuratively, a shank, flank, side.

Shemot 28; 42 You shall make for them linen breeches to cover their bare flesh; they shall reach from the loins even to the thighs (ירכים yarekim) .


8) Tachath- beneath. 

The King from Psalm 45 is Shining, with kindnesses pouring out from His lips, He rides in grandeur and splendor, girded with His sword on His strength, for the sake of the Word of truth. Righteousness leads Him and in reverence the Right hand points sharpened arrows, as in the heart of the Foe of the King… peoples עמים – am – a people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock….fall beneath Tachath Him. Could this falling be bowing? A flock kneeling under the Shepherds care? Our Torah text speaks of a priest, one of Aaron’s sons who is to don the garments of the High Priest for Seven days and be prepared to act and serve in his stead (tachath).

תחתיו_____Strongs_____ H8478 tachath takh’-ath- from the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc….is), room, for…sake, stead of, under, X unto, X when…was mine, whereas, (where-)fore, with.

Shemot 29;30 For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his stead (תחתיו Tachath) shall put them on when he enters the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place.

mashak 1

9)Mashak- Anoint 

Our Psalm 45 King has been depicted for us as nothing less than Magnificent, His purpose is righteousness and He will fight for it. We see next, aside from the blessing and eternal throne, our King is anointed. He is anointed by אלהים  אלהיך – Elohim Eloheika, God ‘your’ God. This is a consecration which can not be challenged. It is not by popular opinion, nor fleshly authority this sanctification comes from the Highest place. In our Torah text we see the garments along with the Kohanim (priests), the meal offering and the Altar….the pouring out over the head of the Kohen….all these things are Mashach- anointed.

המשחה_____Strongs_____H4888 mishchah meesh-khaw’ or moshchah {mosh-khaw’}; from H4886; function (the act); by implication, a consecratory gift. /ומשחת_____Strongs_____H4886 mashach maw-shakh’- a primitive root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint.

Shemot 28; 41 You shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him; and you shall anoint (ומשחת Mashach) them and ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve Me as priests.

Shemot 29;1 “Now this is what you shall do to them to consecrate them to minister as priests to Me: take one young bull and two rams without blemish, 2 and unleavened bread and unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread (משחים Mashach) with oil; you shall make them of fine wheat flour.

Shemot 29;7 Then you shall take the anointing (המשחה mishchah) oil and pour it on his head and anoint (ומשחת Mashach) him.

Shemot 29;36 Each day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement, and you shall purify the altar when you make atonement for it, and you shall anoint (ומשחת Mashach) it to consecrate it.


10) Shemen- oil 

Our last parallel word from Psalm 45 and Testaveh was Mashak- anoint. To anoint something or someone one uses a material, this material is typically oil. Shemen. Our Psalm 45 King is anointed by God His God with the oil-Shemen which IS the ששון- sasown (cheerfulness; specifically, welcome) of His companions. Perhaps it is our joy at His anointment, perhaps our delight itself is poured out over Him at His arrival in triumph.

שמן_____Strongs_____ H8081 shemen sheh’-men- from H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively, richness.

A command to the Sons of Israel- a little bit of their fuel may go into the holy place where only the priests may go on their behalf. (A bit of them may enter…always, forever). When the Priests would go into the Holy place and light the Menorah, they would take some of the specially prepared oil, oil the PEOPLE were specifically given an eternal command to be in charge of….and in this way they were giving a part of their produce and effort and heart, to be carried in with the Priest and used to bring light to the Holy and allow for all the other services to continue.

olive oil 1

Ist appearance of Shemen: Jacob’s ladder and pillar he anoints with oil. Gen.28;18

2nd appearance of Shemen: After El Shaddai appears and speaks to Jacob confirming the covenant and changing his name to Israel. Gen. 35;14.

From there-out the vast majority of the remaining verses with Shemen are in connection with Temple service. The consecration of the Priests and their garments, the Tent and all its vessels, the Altar and specifically the meal offerings, etc.

Shemot (Exodus) 27; 20 “You shall charge the sons of Israel, that they bring you clear oil (שמן shemen) of beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn continually. 21 In the tent of meeting, outside the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the Lord; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout their generations for the sons of Israel.

Shemot (Exodus) 29;2 … and unleavened bread and unleavened cakes mixed with oil (בשמן shemen), and unleavened wafers spread with oil (בשמן shemen) ; you shall make them of fine wheat flour…

Then you shall take the anointing oil (שמן shemen) and pour it on his head and anoint him.

21 Then you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar and some of the anointing oil (ומשמן shemen), and sprinkle on Aaron and on his garments and on his sons and on his sons’ garments with him; so he and his garments shall be consecrated, as well as his sons and his sons’ garments with him. 22 “You shall also take the fat from the ram and the fat tail, and the fat that covers the entrails and the lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them and the right thigh (for it is a ram of ordination),23 and one cake of bread and one cake of bread oil (שמן shemen) and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread which is before the Lord;

38 “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one year old lambs each day, continuously. 39 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; 40 and there one-tenth of fine flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil (בשמן shemen), and one-fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering with one lamb.

olive oil

There is special oil to be burnt in the Menorah, oil for the offerings and consecration of the Mishkhan…. we could follow the splendor, ornate majesty of the King, into this parallel with the Mishkan and Gods’ attention to detail and specificity on its vessels and service, the eternal nature of His words regarding those involved with its care…. we can see that both are anointed, the place and the picture….both in joy and delight, both according to the will of the Most High.



11) Beged- Covering 

The next verse of our Psalm is this description of His garments- Beged, they are fragrant with Myrrh (which is our next word down below) and aloes and cassia wood. This קציעות qtsiy`ah- cassia (as peeled; plural the bark) is found only in this form in our Psalm. That should always catch one’s attention. Further investigation showed it’s root קצע H7106 qatsa- to strip off, i.e. (partially) scrape; by implication, to segregate (as an angle)- is then found two other places in the Tanakh.

Vayikra (Leviticus) 14; 41 He shall have the house scraped all around inside, and they shall dump the plaster that they scrape off at an unclean place outside the city.


Ezekiel 46; 22 In the four corners of the court enclosed courts, forty long and thirty wide; these four in the corners the same size (מהקצעות Mahuqatzaot- cut out ones corners).

The Leviticus text is regarding the cleansing of the Leprous house. The Ezekiel text is surrounded by FASCINATING chapters, namely 46 where we clearly see Sabbath, Rosh Chodesh and The Feast of the Lord- Moadim- Appointed Feasts being celebrated and observed by the people and the Prince. For those who hold to the doctrine which states the sacrificial system is no more, and that the Feasts and Sabbaths are not for Christians in the Messiah Yeshua anymore the entire second half of this book should pose a huge question. Ezekiel’s Temple is widely believed to be the Millennial Temple and therefore we see, for worshipers in the Millennium…the Levitical Priesthood, Sacrificial offerings, Sabbaths and Feasts are very much a part of the day to day as is the ‘echo’ in the Heavenlies.

בגדתיך_____Strongs_____H899 beged behg’-ed from H898; a covering, i.e. clothing; also treachery or pillage.

Shemot (Exodus) 29; 5 You shall take the garments (הבגדים Begadim), and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece, and gird him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod; 6 and you shall set the turban on his head and put the holy crown on the turban.

-The King is anointed the House is anointed, the garments of the King as well as the garments or coverings of the Mishkhan.

water leaf

12) Myrrh- More

Isn’t that interesting. The King who rides with the sword on His thigh and Truth, his garments smell of Myrrh. [Matthew 2;11  Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh./  John 19; 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds . 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.]

מר_____Strongs_____ H4753 more mor-or mowr {more}; from H4843; myrrh (as distilling in drops, and also as bitter).

Shemot 30; 22 Moreover, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 23 “Take also for yourself the finest of spices: of flowing myrrh (מר more) five hundred shekels, and of fragrant cinnamon half as much, two hundred and fifty, and of fragrant cane two hundred and fifty, 24 and of cassia….

וקדה  H6916 qiddah – cassia bark (as in shrivelled rolls). [*another similar word -ויקד qadad -to shrivel up, i.e. contract or bend the body (or neck) in deference.]

…..five hundred, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and of olive oil a hin. 25 You shall make of these a holy anointing oil, a perfume mixture, the work of a perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil. 26 With it you shall anoint the tent of meeting and the ark of the testimony, 27 and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense, 28 and the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the laver and its stand. 29 You shall also consecrate them, that they may be most holy; whatever touches them shall be holy. 30 You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister as priests to Me. 31 You shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘This shall be a holy anointing oil to Me throughout your generations. 32 It shall not be poured on anyone’s body, nor shall you make any like it in the same proportions; it is holy, and it shall be holy to you. 33 Whoever shall mix any like it or whoever puts any of it on a layman shall be cut off from his people.’”

This concoction of spices was to be sacred. It was never to be used outside of Temple Service. The penalty for making what was meant to be kept Holy as common was Karath- to be cut off from the people.


Now these similarities can be tossed aside by anyone who doesn’t believe in the 1st Century writings are “Scripture”, but I am documenting them here because they’re too fascinating for this seeker to ignore. Psalm 45 describes the King, whose garments are fragrant with Myrrh, Aloe and Cassia…He is hearing the music, praises, from what is described as an Ivory Temple. Try and think, or look, back to the definitions/possible uses for some of the words we have gone over so far and at least read the following verses:

Revelation 3 ; 5 He who overcomes will thus be clothed in white garments; and I will not erase his name from the book of life, and I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.

Revelation 3; 12 He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write on him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.

Revelation 6; 2 I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.

Revelation 19; 11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”


13) Shema- Hear 

The Psalmist continues with the description of a ‘noble’ assembly, daughters of the king decked in gold. He asks the daughters to Shema, hear…with the implication of action and obedience, and beckons them to forget their fathers house and their people, that the King become their Lord and that they bow unto Him alone.

Forgetting,  ושכחי_____Strongs_____ H7911 shakach shaw-kakh’ – or shakeach ; a primitive root; to mislay, i.e. to be oblivious of, from want of memory or attention….., it’s nearly an antitheses of Shema.

I can not help but think of the command in Bereshit (Genesis) 2; 24 For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

As well it hearkens to Ruth 2; 11 Boaz replied to her, “All that you have done for your mother-in-law after the death of your husband has been fully reported to me, and how you left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and came to a people that you did not previously know.

 שמעי_____Strongs____H8085 shama` shaw-mah’- a primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.).

bell and pom

Shemot 28; 33 You shall make on its hem pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, all around on its hem, and bells of gold between them all around: 34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around on the hem of the robe. 35 It shall be on Aaron when he ministers; and its tinkling shall be heard (ונשמע shama) when he enters and leaves the holy place before the Lord, so that he will not die.

Could these bells and pomegranates on the hem of the High Priests garment call to memory, the original sin which took Adam and Chavah from …. Genesis 2; 25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed, to….Genesis 3; They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. Then the Lord God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?”10 He said, “I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.”

Before it is God taking the measures to make sure He is heard before entering, so to speak, their sacred space together…now it is the Kohen who is commanded to be heard, Shama…before he enters the holy place. Making the pronunciation that there once was no need for shame or garments, but now not only is there a need for the garments but also the blood of these sacrificial services which atone for the sins of the people. A system instituted by HaShem so that the people can once more “come close” and “draw-near” to HaShem.  We Shama- Hear the summoning of the King, calling us to become His own…to leave all behind and honor Him alone.


14) Ozen- Ear 

It is the ear of these daughters the King is appealing to, one of the gates of our senses. We have eye gates, ear gates, mouth and even nose gates…there are gates to our heart and all all of these entryway’s we should have Judges, Guards, Filters assigned and stationed. This is one reason the blood of the ram marked the right ears of the Kohanim. That their concecratory offering’s blood should mark as a reminder…these thresholds where discernment is found, belong to the service of the King.

אזנך_____Strongs_____H241 ‘ozen o’-zen from H238; broadness. i.e. (concrete) the ear (from its form in man).

Shemot 29; 20 You shall slaughter the ram, and take some of its blood and put it on the lobe of Aaron’s right ear (אזן ozen) and on the lobes of his sons’ right ears (אזן ozen) and on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet, and sprinkle the rest of the blood around on the altar.


15) Bayith- House 

Once the daughters have heard the call with the intention to act, they are mobilized to leave the house of their fathers. This can be a literal building or house, but in this sense we are speaking about their heritage…their people. Whomever you were before, once grafted into the House of the King…it is His order and structure which is instituted and it is our privilege and responsibility to adhere to the rules of His house.

ביתה_____Strongs_____ H1004 bayith bah’-yith – probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.)

Shemot 28; 26 You shall make two rings of gold and shall place them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side (ביתה Baiyth) of the ephod.


16) Minchah- Gift 

The King will be brought gifts from even those who had formerly been against him and his people. The daughter of Tyre will come with a gift. These gifts, I believe, are offerings in the millennial Temple. In Tetsaveh, the Minchah is the gift offering named as continual throughout the generations, just before the amazing verse which relates that HaShem will meet with the sons of Israel there and be made holy by His Glory in their midst.

במנחה_____Strongs_____ H4503 minchah min-khaw’ from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; a donation; euphemistically, tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).

Shemot 29; 41 The other lamb you shall offer at twilight…(כמנחת minchah), and shall offer with it the same grain offering and the same drink offering as in the morning, for a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the Lord. 42 It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the doorway of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there. 43 I will meet there with the sons of Israel, and it shall be consecrated by My glory.


17) Paniym- Faces 

The face…the Presence of…right there with, it has a sense of personal closeness. If one is bringing a Minchah (gift) as shown in our Psalm, this is a good thing….if God is making known something like we read in Exodus 33; 11 “Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face פנים to face פנים, just as a man speaks to his friend.” this is a very good thing. IF someone is sinning against God to His face…that is frightening concept.

Isaiah 65;3 A people who continually provoke Me to My face פני, Offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on bricks; Who sit among graves and spend the night in secret places; who eat swine’s flesh, and the broth of unclean meat is their pots.

פניך_____Strongs_____ H6440 paniym paw-neem’ – plural (but always as singular) of an unused noun (paneh {paw-neh’}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).

Exodus 28;12 Aaron bears the names of them to the faces (לפני Panayim) of YHVH…25 You shall put the two ends of the two cords on the two filigree, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front (לפני panayim) of it. 29 Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before (לפני panayim) of YHVH continually. [Also found in verses 2; 30, 35, 37 & 38 / 29;10, 11, 23, 24, 25, 26, 42/ 30; 6 and 8]

It is touching and beautiful to me that we see such an intimacy and closeness in the service of Aaron and his sons and YHVH (this is the tetragrammaton used to denote when the yud-hey-vav-hey is used in the Hebrew, it is commonly translated as Lord.) The breastplate  itself with the names of the tribes engraved, worn over the face of the ephod (giving even these materials an essence and sort of living quality), as a remembrance before the very Face of the Lord. In the same way those who pay tribute to our Psalm 45 King do so before His Face.


18) Ashiyr- Rich 

The King is honored, glorious and gracious as well. The daughters he has called to Himself have come bowed before His face, the Ashiyr- rich of the daughters of the nations have also come to entreat the King. Very interesting, this word from our Torah text is the section where ALL the people are called to contribute the silver half-shekel. There will be no honoring of the rich, in that they are commanded to bring no more than the half-shekel, there will be no deference for the poor either for they too are commanded to bring the same tribute. Everyone is held to the same standard, same regard and all are to bring to contribute to the building up of the House of HaShem. Furthermore this tribute is to be a memorial and atonement for the people.  One can just hear the words of Psalm 86; All nations whom You have made shall come and worship before You, O Lord, and they shall glorify Your name. 10 For You are great and do wondrous deeds; You alone are God.

עשירי_____Strongs_____H6223 `ashiyr aw-sheer’- from H6238; rich, whether literal or figurative (noble).

Shemot 30;13 This is what everyone who is numbered shall give: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty gerahs), half a shekel as a contribution to the Lord. 14 Everyone who is numbered, from twenty years old and over, shall give the contribution to the Lord. 15 The rich (העשיר ashiyr) shall not pay more and the poor shall not pay less than the half shekel, when you give the contribution to the Lord to make atonement for yourselves. 16 You shall take the atonement money from the sons of Israel and shall give it for the service of the tent of meeting, that it may be a memorial for the sons of Israel before the Lord, to make atonement for yourselves.”

half shekel

19) Labash – Clothe 

This verse is beautiful! Try to keep in mind the significance of the Stones engraved with the names of the tribes, stones set in gold settings, worn over the heart, borne before the Face of YHVH mounted upon the masterfully woven work of a weavers craft .

כָּל-כְּבוּדָּה בַת-מֶלֶךְ פְּנִימָה;    מִמִּשְׁבְּצוֹת זָהָב לְבוּשָׁהּ

לִרְקָמוֹת, תּוּבַל לַמֶּלֶךְ:    בְּתוּלוֹת אַחֲרֶיהָ, רֵעוֹתֶיהָ–מוּבָאוֹת לָךְ

Psalm 45; 13 The King’s daughter is all glorious within (פנימה pniymah) ; her clothing (לבושה lbuwsh) is interwoven (ממשבצות mishbtsah)  with gold.14 She will be led to the King in embroidered (לרקמות l’riqmahot) work; the virgins, her companions who follow her, will be brought to You.

פנימה- pniymah- with directive enclitic; faceward, i.e. indoors.

ממשבצות- mishbtsah -a brocade; by analogy, a (reticulated) setting of a gem.

The clothing of the Daughters of the King bear a striking compatibility with these Torah sections. I can only marvel at the thought of being dressed in splendor befitting the presence of the King of Kings. The “being led to the King” part reminds me of a wedding procession and the bride being led to her groom.

והלבשת_____Strongs_____H3847 labash law-bash’ or labesh {law-bashe’}; a primitive root; properly, wrap around, i.e. (by implication) to put on a garment or clothe (oneself, or another), literally or figuratively.

Shemot 28;41  You shall put them on (לבושה lbuwsh) Aaron your brother and on his sons with him; and you shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve Me as priests.

Shemot 29; 5 You shall take the garments, and put on (והלבשת labash) Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece, and gird him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod; 6 and you shall set the turban on his head and put the holy crown on the turban.

Shemot 29; 8 You shall bring his sons and put on them (והלבשתם labash) tunics.

Shemot 29; 30 For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his stead shall put them on (ילבשם labash) when he enters the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place.

bat zion

20) Mishbtsah- Brocade 

משבצות _____Strongs_____ H4865 mishbtsah mish-bets-aw’ from H7660; a brocade; by analogy, a (reticulated) setting of a gem.


21) Zahab- Gold 

Before I started studying the Torah and Temple service, this verse always seemed to stick out to me but I didn’t know why. Once I started noticing how important the construction of the Mishkhan and it’s vessels and services is to HaShem it began to make sense. He, from the beginning, was making note of where certain materials could be acquired.

Bereshit (Genesis) 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there.  

Bereshit (Genesis) 25; 18 They settled from Havilah to Shur which is east of Egypt as one goes toward Assyria; he [Ishmael] settled in defiance of all his relatives.

זהב ____strongs____H2091 zahab zaw-hawb’- from an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold, figuratively, something gold-colored (i.e. yellow), as oil, a clear sky.

[Found in Exodus 28; 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 20, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 33, 34, 36 / 30; 3, 4, 5]

Gold along with the onyx stones are essential for the building of the Tabernacle and vestments of the Kohanim, gold is almost always present when describing adornment or wealth in scripture. Gold- Zahab, in the Hebrew can also be used in the description of oil.


22) Riqmah- Embroidery

 The Psalmist’s depiction of the daughters of the King, includes many similarities to the Miskhan and Priestly garments. This word Riqmah is one parallel word to our Torah text and makes its 1st appearance in the Torah from within Testaveh describing the screen to the Tent of meeting and next the sashes of the Kohanim.

לרקמות_____Strongs_____ H7553 riqmah rik-maw’ from H7551; variegation of color; specifically, embroidery.
Exodus 26;36 “You shall make a screen for the doorway of the tent of blue and purple and scarlet and fine twisted linen, the work of a weaver (רקם raqam).

רקם_____Strongs_____H7551 raqam raw-kam’- a primitive root; to variegate color, i.e. embroider; by implication, to fabricate.

Exodus 27;16 For the gate of the court a screen of twenty cubits, of blue and purple and scarlet and fine twisted linen, the work of a weaver (רקם raqam), their four pillars and their four sockets.

** Exodus 28;39 “You shall weave the tunic of checkered work of fine linen, and shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash, the work of a weaver (רקם raqam). **

temple service

23) Achar- After

In these Torah texts this word Acher– after, is mean to denote the generation or succession, the “sons who will come after” you in order to take up the charge you were no longer able to fulfill. In the Psalm it speaks of the virgins- bthuwlah beth-oo-law’=  feminine passive participle of an unused root meaning to separate; a virgin (from her privacy); sometimes (by continuation) a bride…. companions, who come behind the daughter of the King…or, the bridal party coming behind the bride, her handmaidens.

אחריה_____Strongs_____H310 ‘achar akh-ar’- from H309; properly, the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses).

28;43  They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur guilt and die. A statute forever to him and to his descendants after him (אחריו achar) .

29;29 “The holy garments of Aaron shall be for his sons after him (אחריו achar) , that in them they may be anointed and ordained.


I’d like to make mention of a very important word found in scripture (it comes from our Hebrew word Achar) . Some circles find the “End Times” or “End of Days” more weighty than others in concern to their time placement and dedication in study and doctrine, but knowing the actual Hebrew term will open up the scripture and allow you to search for a deeper meaning and more wide range of connection.

 strongs #0319 אַחֲרִית :  achariyth- the last or end, hence the future; also posterity:—(last, latter) end (time), hinder (utter) -most, length, posterity, remnant, residue, reward.

The first place in the bible this term is found is Bereshit (Genesis) 49;1  Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you in the last (באחרית acherit) days (yom) .

Do a word study on achariyth, follow the trail through the Word and ask for the Lord to reveal to you insight and discernment. Prophecy? It’s via the word, from the beginning. Even through these blessings for the Tribes we can find insight into the words of the “Prophets” and more. It just takes the time to look, God willing I can join in this word study and produce a post if He wills and blesses it.  Here are some resources you can use on your quest:






jacob blesses

*** Tachath- Under 

תחתיו_____Strongs_____ H8478 tachath takh’-ath- from the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc….is), room, for…sake, stead of, under, X unto, X when…was mine, whereas, (where-)fore, with.

This word we discussed above, as it first appeared speaking of the nations which would fall beneath or under the rule of the King. (Psalm 45;5)

Shemot 29;30 For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his stead (תחתיו tachath) shall put them on when he enters the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place.

I thought it was important enough to mention that the second place in Psalm 45 Tachath is found is in this verse:

 45:16 Instead x8478 of thy fathers 1 shall be x1961 thy children, 1121 whom thou mayest make 7896 z8799 princes 8269 in all x3605 the earth. 776

Instead- Tachath, of the fathers of these daughters of the King, remember they are called from all over and those who reject their old ways, the idolatry of the houses of their fathers and attach themselves to the King, He adorns them with splendor and in delight they are led to Him. The fathers who were mighty, even Tyre whom the bible mentions as an enemy of Israel, who thought they would rule and take advantage over Israel while she was weak…or while she was secure…the fathers of these pagan nations who sought the destruction of what God has blessed will not rule nor will they inherit. But the sons of their daughters who come to faith in the King…much like the generation in the wilderness who feared to enter the Land and Promise, their children will inherit and be called princes in all the earth!

holy nation

24) Erets- Land

The princes, the sons of the aforementioned ‘daughters of the King’, their inheritance will be Sar- a head person (of any rank or class) (לשרים l’sarim- the heads) of all (בכל kol)  the earth (הארץ ha’eretz).

הארץ_____Strongs_____ H776 ‘erets eh’-rets from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).

Exodus 29; 44 I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; I will also consecrate Aaron and his sons to minister as priests to Me. 45 I will dwell among the sons of Israel and will be their God. 46 They shall know that I am the Lord their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt (מארץ Eretz), that I might dwell among them; I am the Lord their God.


25) Zakar- Remember 

It is the name of the King the Most High will make אזכירה Remebered, but as well it could also be the name of these sons, these sons or children of the King. The Name- Shem-  is remembered forever and ever. Awesomely, it is the names (Shemot) of the Tribes which are borne over Aaron’s heart, before the Face of YHVH to be remembered.

אזכירה_____Strongs_____H2142 zakar zaw-kar’ a primitive root; properly, to mark (so as to be recognized), i.e. to remember; by implication, to mention; also (as denominative from H2145) to be male.

לזכרן _____Strongs_____ H2146 zikrown zik-rone’ from H2142; a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing).

Shemot (Exodus) 28;12 You shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial (זכרן zikrown) for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders for a memorial (לזכרן zikrown) .


26) Dor- Generation 

The Name of the King, the name of His children who rule with Him, will be remembered for all (kol) dor v’dor- generation to generation….and furthermore….l’owlam vaed ( forever and to all eternity). Now that is something to look forward to. The King calling you unto Himself, offering you His adoration upon your surrender and worship of Him, dressing you in HIS fine garments, placing his name upon you  and allowing you to rule with Him forever and ever.

_____Strongs_____H1755 dowr dore or (shortened) dor {dore}; from H1752; properly, a revolution of time, i.e. an age or generation; also a dwelling.

Shemot (Exodus) 29; 42 It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations (לדרתיכם) at the doorway of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there.

Shemot (Exodus) 30; 8 When Aaron trims the lamps at twilight, he shall burn incense. Perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations ( לדרתיכם

You shall not offer any strange incense on this altar, or burnt offering or meal offering; and you shall not pour out a drink offering on it. 10 Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year; he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once a year throughout your generations (לדרתיכם). It is most holy to the Lord.”

Shemot (Exodus) 30; 21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they will not die; and it shall be a perpetual statute for them, for Aaron and his descendants throughout their generations (לדרתם).”

Shemot (Exodus) 30; 31 31 You shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘This shall be a holy anointing oil to Me throughout your generations (לדרתיכם).


– An invitation: in your journey through the word, listen closely to references to the Mishkan specifically but Temple service more generally. You will readily find them, and when you do seek out what ‘dots’ HaShem might be attempting to connect for you, personally and widely as a child of God. The Lord has spent much of His Torah in relating to us the description in SPECIFICITY of the Mishkhan and its service. When something is important to a person, how can an outsider discern that fact? One way is that someone will spend much time relating the importance, another way is that someone may repeat it for emphasis. How much more so with HaShem. How much more important is it for us, if we care about what is important to Him, to pay attention to these emphasized and repeated themes (ex: Sabbath, Feasts, Temple service, etc.) ?

Want some inspiration to accept this invitation?

Here are some other magnificent things the Lord showed us about the Mishkan from the Book of Job :

Job 29;1 And Job again took up his discourse and said,
2 “Oh that I were as in months gone by, As in the days when God watched over me;

(think: the Lord’s presence being over the Mishkan in glory, cloud by day and fire by night, dwelling among His people, watching over them…)
3 When His lamp (Ner) shone over my head, and by His light (Or) I walked through darkness;

(think: the Menorah and lamps which were to remain lit continually for all generations…knowing that the service of the Mishkan revolved around there being light to work by, God’s light…)

4 As I was in the prime of my days, when the friendship of God was over my tent;

(think: Moses as a friend to God, in God’s own words, Moses’ tent of meeting and the Ohel moed- Tent of Meeting of the Mishkan…. surely the prime of Israel was when God was within them…the Tabernacle and Temples were a marvel to the peoples around them…)

5 When the Almighty was yet with me,and my children were around me;

(think: The Mishkan in the CENTER of the camp, the resting place of the Glory, and the tribes of Israel were all camped around the Mishkan in formation. God and His children camped all around Him…)

6 When my steps were bathed in butter, and the rock poured out for me streams of oil!

(think: the Priests are anointed, bathed in oil, and even the impossible happens in the dessert!)

7 “When I went out to the gate of the city, When I took my seat in the square,

(think: a seat at the gates, this is a position of authority and honor, inside the inner gate of the Mishkan (partition) is the Holy of Holies, inside the Holy of Holies is the Ark over which the Lord would communicate with His people (“from HERE I will set my appointments….”), which is in a square shape….food for thought)- also known as the Mercy seat….

8 The young men saw me and hid themselves, and the old men arose and stood.
9 “The princes stopped talking and put their hands on their mouths;
10 The voice of the nobles was hushed, and their tongue stuck to their palate.
11 “For when the ear heard, it called me blessed, and when the eye saw, it gave witness of me,

(think: the awe, wonder and reverence that even the most respected and exalted of the People would have rendered, and so to for the foreign nations who heard or saw it- God’s House within His people….)

12 Because I delivered the poor who cried for help, and the orphan who had no helper.
13 “The blessing of the one ready to perish came upon me, and I made the widow’s heart sing for joy.

(think: The Mishkan and its services provided for the people. Many of the offerings which were brought were to share with the offerer and was also a means for worship and fellowship. Additionally we know that the contributions for the Mishkan would go back into the care for the community especially those in need.)

14 “I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was like a robe and a turban.

(think: about all of the blog discussion above, the garments of the priests and what they mean and represent! What they foreshadow. )

15 “I was eyes to the blind and feet to the lame.
16 “I was a father to the needy, and I investigated the case which I did not know.
17 “I broke the jaws of the wicked and snatched the prey from his teeth.
18 “Then I thought, ‘I shall die in my nest,and I shall multiply my days as the sand.
19 ‘My root is spread out to the waters,and dew lies all night on my branch.
20 ‘My glory is ever new with me,and my bow is renewed in my hand.’
21 “To me they listened and waited,and kept silent for my counsel.
22 “After my words they did not speak again,and my speech dropped on them.
23 “They waited for me as for the rain,and opened their mouth as for the spring rain.
24 “I smiled on them when they did not believe, and the light of my face they did not cast down.
25 “I chose a way for them and sat as chief, and dwelt as a king among the troops, as one who comforted the mourners.

That was a little taste of the next entry I wish to pursue, isn’t it just awesome!

I pray this entry has blessed you as much as it has me. I pray that it inspires you to fall in love with the magnificent grandeur the King has crafted amid the Miskhan and Temple Service texts. I pray that He will illuminate your path as you continue to seek His will for your life!

Contact: safeguardingtheeternal@aol.com

Blessed are You Lord our God King of the universe, You alone have planted among us Life Eternal. Blessed are You Lord our God Gracious Giver of the Torah, B’Shem Yeshua HaMashiac, amein!




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