Bible Study: The Well that Won’t Run Dry Genesis 14;21-21;33

From the Aramaic translation we see the use of the text Word- Memra. This is the expressed image of the invisible God. Yeshua, prior to being flesh as Yeshua is seen

all throughout the “old testament” in different expressions or forms. Yeshua is the Memra, the Word …of God that was with Him from the very beginning.

Genesis 14;21-24 The king of Sodom said to Abram:” Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” Abram said to the king of Sodom: “I lift up my hand to HASHEM, God, the Most High, Maker of heaven and earth, if so

much as a thread to a shoe strap; or if I shall take from anything of yours! So you shall not say, “It is I who made Abram rich. Far from me! Only what the young men have eaten, and the share of the men who accompanied me: Aner,

Eshcol, and Mamre- they shall take their portion.”

*Here we see Abraham showing his quality. He is setting himself apart- being holy, by not taking from the King of Sodom but speaking for his allies to be able to get their share.

We know that Abraham is a wealthy man by Gods grace and that he uses his wealth to serve his fellow. He gives of his wealth: shelter, food, etc. and when one comes to thank him he has the

pportunity to say “You should thank the one from which all you have been given comes” in other words, don’t thank me- thank God. Can we try and have this attitude and heart as we give? Gen.14;21-23 Abraham declines the king’s

offer. Though Abraham, as the victor, was entitled to keep the spoils of war, the king asks that all his subjects be returned to him while Abraham would keep the wealth. To show devotion to God he rejects any personal gain from this

victory, human and material. This way the king can’t go boasting that he rather than God made Abraham rich.

Genesis 15; 1 After these events, the word of HASHEM came to Abram in a vision, saying, “Fear not, Abram, I am a shield for you; your reward is very great.” 4 Suddenly, the word of HASHEM came to him saying:” That one will not

inherit you. Only him that shall come forth from within you.” 5 And He took him outside, and said, “Gaze, now, toward the Heavens, and count the stars if you are able to count them!” and He said to him, “So shall your offspring be!”

And he trusted in HASHEM, and He reckoned it to him as righteousness. *The midrash interprets that God took Abraham outside the realm of reason and nature. Abraham knew that he and Sarah could not have children together,

but God told him now that the Jewish people transcend the laws of nature, which are symbolized by the stars and constellations. Even though he and Sarah were naturally incapable of having children together,

they were superior to the stars and would have children, if such was God’s design. The vision also symbolized to Abraham that just as no one can conquer the stars,

so will no nation ever succeed in exterminating Israel. By comparing Israel to the stars God indicated that when Israel does God’s Will, they are above all others like the stars;

when they disobey His will they are trampled by all like the dust of the earth.

‎* Isaiah 7;14 Behold, the maiden will become pregnant and bear a son, and she will name him Immanuel. (God is with us) Matt.1;21 ” She will give birth to a son and you are to name him Yeshua, which means

Adonai saves, because he will save his people from their sins. “

Luke 2;21-24 On the eighth day, when it was time for his circumcision, he was given the name Yeshua,

which is what the angel had called him before his conception. When the time came for their purification according to the Torah of Moshe, they took him up to Yerushalayim to present him to Adonai (as it is written in the Torah of

Adonai, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to Adonai”)

….Picking back up in Lech Lecha Gen 17;9 God said to Abraham, “And as for you, you shall keep My covenant- you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. This is My covenant you shall keep between Me and you

and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. ….13 He that is born in your household or purchased with your money shall surely be circumcised.

Thus, My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. Pertaining verses: For only with this may one glorify himself- contemplating and knowing Me, for I am HASHEM Who does kindness, justice, and righteousness in

the land, for in these is My desire- the word of HASHEM. Behold days are coming- the word of HASHEM- when I shall deal with everyone who is circumcised for his uncircumcision….for all the nations are uncircumcised,

and the House of Israel is of uncircumcised heart. Hear the word that HASHEM has spoken concerning you, O House of Israel. Thus said HASHEM: Do not learn from the way of the nations;

do not be frightened by the signs of the heavens, though the nations are frightened by them. Jer.9;23-10,2 Then they will confess their sin and the sin of their forefathers, for the treachery with which they betrayed Me, and also for

having behaved toward Me with casualness.I, too, will behave toward them with casualness and I will bring them into the land of their enemies- perhaps then their unfeeling heart will be humbled and then they will gain appeasement

for their sin. I will remember My covenant with Jacob and also My covenant with Isaac, and also My covenant with Abraham will I remember, and I will remember the Land. Lev. 26; 40-42 Thus said the Lord HASHEM/ELOHIM:

Any estranged person of uncircumcised heart or uncircumcised flesh shall not enter My Sanctuary- and any estranged person among the children of Israel. Ezekiel. 44;9

( I am going to just go with my numbering of these trials and will post some of my research after I do more of it and clarify. There are a lot of differencing opinions about how they are numbered and what texts indicate which trials.

Just wanted to mention that as I am going on with my understanding…)

The fourth trial of Abraham- taking Haggar as his wife and the eventual strife it causes in the household along with his grief over dismissing them from the “camp”. (Strife still lasting between the two “seed’s” of Abraham

borne of this ‘marriage‘. Despite their spiritual riches and God’s assurances, Abram and Sarai are still heartbroken at their barrenness, without heirs they would not be able to continue their

mission of bringing God’s teachings to mankind. Sarah suggested that Abram marry her maidservant Hagar and if a son were born he would be considered her adopted child. To Abram, Hagar is a wife

thus he would have no right to treat her unkindly. But to Sarai she is maidservant therefore it says she should do what she feels is right to do. Sarai’s intent was not malicious but to force

Hagar to cease her insulting demeanor. But instead of acknowledging Sarai’s superior position, Hagar fled.

Genesis 16;3 – So Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maidservant- after ten years of Abram’s dwelling in the Land of Canaan- and gave her to Abram her husband, to him as a wife.

He consorted with Hagar and she conceived; and when she was that she had conceived, her mistress was lowered in her esteem. So Sarai said to Abram, “The outrage against me is due to you!

It was I who gave my maidservant into your bosom, and when she saw that she had conceived, I became lowered in her esteem. Let HASHEM judge between me and you!” Abram said to Sarai,

“Behold! Your maidservant is in your hand; do to her as you see fit.” And Sarai dealt harshly with her, so she fled into the desert.

*This action happens after ten years. This isn’t rash, I am sure Sarai thought it was a good plan…it was common in that time for maidservants to be given as sort of secondary wives in the

household if the Woman of the house so to speak was barren and thus the line would continue (progeny). When I think of afterward how Sarai reacts, when I read through this I see the three

of them in close arrangement, Sarai perhaps bringing Sarai before Abram as she related her distress to him. I wonder if the : “Let HASHEM judge between me and you!”

Is directed at Hagar vs. Abram? Fifth trial or test of Abraham God asks that he be circumcised at an old age. At the age of 86 Ishmael is born. At the age of 99 God appears to him and the “covenant is ratified” by this sign in the flesh

(circumcision). El Shaddai literally means “who is sufficient” (in granting His mercies, who has power to give whatever is necessary.

Genesis 17;4 “As for Me, this is My covenant with you: You shall be the father of a multitude of nations; (This tense seems to suggest that Ishmael is not part of this? Shall be the father, he is already father to Ishmael….) The Name

of God There are many pronunciations and differing opinions on spelling in the English. As far as I understand it the Name of God comes from the Hebrew letters Yod Hey Vav Hey= YAHWEH. The Hebrew letter Aleph and Yod by

themselves can also stand for The Name of God. There is a meaning (whole teachings) behind every letter of the Hebrew Aleph Bet (not to mention meaning hidden in the Tanakh through connection with the numerical values- Gematria)

The letter Hey, is the Ruach the Spirit…the breath of God. Just say “hhhhey” and you can feel it! This is the letter that God attaches, adds, gives to Abram…part of His own Name, His Ruach…after this “everlasting covenant” is

“ratified” by the circumcision of Abraham, his house and all in it…from this moment on. Prior to this Abram is Av Abram= Father of Aram (his native country) Now Abraham is Av Hamon= Father of a multitude

Genesis 17;5 you name shall no longer be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 6 I will make you most exceedingly fruitful,

and make nations of you; and kings shall descend from you. 7 I will ratify My covenant between me and your offspring after you; 8 and I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land

of your sojourns- the whole of the Land of Canaan- as an everlasting possession; and I shall be a God to them.” Below is a link for a teaching on the letter Aleph. ALL the teachings are great.

I love the letter Zayin one, it speaks of spiritual warfare and prophecy. http://www.ElShaddaiMinistries.us is a rich with a wealth of knowledge. (P.S.All the notes here start from my reading several different

translations of the text- move to my thoughts and then are gleaned from all the incredible sources we have be so blessed to collect over these years. Thank YAHWEH we live in such a time to have

the freedom to do these kinds of studies and research, freedom as we know it may not last much longer and I greatly value this time.)

Covenant of Circumcision The symbolic significance of this commandment is indicated by the name of the flesh that is removed- orlah- commonly translated as foreskin, but more accurately, as it is used in

Scripture= a barrier standing in the way of a beneficial result. The sinful habits that cause a person not to change his lifestyle are called orlah of the heart. Circumcision is a means to help a person attempt to ennoble himself and return

to the spiritual state of Adam before his sin. Sin is a barrier between ourselves and holiness, holy- set apart. YAHWEH wanted the people in covenant with Him to have a physical “sign” of being set apart. Most all other nations and

peoples did not practice circumcision. By removing the superfluous skin covering the organ of continuity, circumcision teaches that man should remove the natural barriers blocking his advancement. The commandment that

circumcision be done on the eighth day of a boy’s life teaches the natural order of Creation involves cycles of seven.(seven days in a week, seven years in the agricultural cycle-Shemittah). The number eight represents the concept that

one can rise above the limitations of nature. Here God teaches us that we do have the ability to remove the spiritual barriers that allow us to transcend the natural order of life. We see this every day and all throughout scripture.

Physical act- Spiritual teaching; neither is complete without the other. Just as it is not enough to perform a commandment only if done so “intellectually” even “morally”…without action.

(“Our Father, the merciful Father, Who acts mercifully, have mercy upon us,instill in our hearts to understand and elucidate, to listen, learn, teach, safeguard, perform, and fulfill all the words of Your Torah,

attach our hearts to Your commandments, and unify our hearts to love and fear Your Name…..” This prayer from the Borchu for the Shema/ Ancient scriptural prayers expresses what I try and teach my daughter.

Shall we set the bar on the ground or so low we can surely reach it in comfort? Or should we set the bar higher? (ex: Your child is in a sport, you have invested in equipment, time, money for food, transportation, etc. Do you not

encourage your child with hands on tips and teaching, with heavy practice? Do you not encourage the child to excel and set high goals? I know we’d like to encourage fun and enjoyment certainly!

But also could this sport lead to a future career where the child could be blessed to minister or just bless others with monetary charity or physical inspiration? Just a thought. Getting back to setting the bar high in the sense of

“keeping the commandments” with our minds, hearts and bodies: doing) What chance is there that we can possibly fulfill all the commandments? (no)Even if we do “good” on one today, do we often fail later that week at the same

one? So do we stop trying? Or once we have “mastered” something, do we stop there or strive to do more and more? In the service of our Father in my family we just try as we learn to see and do

…how can we in our lives in 2012 in America without a “community” try and keep more of His instructions to better our lives? Because we can put a measure on the scales for good? (no) Because we can work our way into the

kingdom? (no) Because we can pay back our high priest and our King for his precious blood? (no) Because we were told to do these things, in trust, with our hearts, to be better children and better “bride’s because that is what

He desires for us!! Because we can be better examples and be more set apart!) The physical act is the sign of the covenant’s deeper meaning. Another thing to think about: Abraham was to circumcise even those aside from of his kin

that were born in his household. Those who wanted to be a part of the blessings of the household were to take part in this sign of the covenant between God and Abraham. Covenant of the Pieces There are several kinds of ancient

covenant. Here we see Abraham takes animals and splits them placing parts of each on either side with space in the middle in which to walk through. This provides the blood which is almost always present in ancient covenant. Then

there is a verbal declaration made (oath) and the symbolism of the animals is to the effect that “If I break my word, let what happened to these animals happen to me…” Each party walks through the pieces. We read God’s promises

to Abraham and then a deep sleep comes over him. He does not walk through the pieces but a fiery torch (Yeshua) does. This is crucial to take in, Yeshua is walking through the pieces to ensure these promises for Israel come to pass

…this is one reason he came and died for Israel and us grafted in.

Genesis 15;9 And he said to him, “Take to Me three heifers, three goats, three rams, a turtle dove, and a young dove. He tool all these to Him; He cut them in the center, and placed each piece opposite its counterpart. The birds,

however, he did not cut up. Birds of prey descended upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away. And it happened, as the sun was about to set, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold – a dread! great darkness fell upon him.

*So we see Abraham actively involved in this request he has made so to speak for God to “show” him how it is that his people shall inherit the land. This covenant is taking place he is cutting

the pieces and even chasing the birds of prey from them. He now gets a vision that causes his great dread and darkness, distress…what does God show him? Could it be the slavery in Egypt, all

the death? The Holocaust? For from all these things the Jewish people have survived, and come to the promised land. God is so good, he shows him these things prior to the Torch passing through the pieces to “seal the deal”.

Genesis 15;13-14 And He said to Abram, “Know with certainty that your offspring shall be aliens in a land not their own- and they will serve them, and they will oppress them- four hundred years. But also the nation that they will serve,

I shall judge, and afterwards they will leave with great wealth.

Exodus 12;35 The children of Israel carried out the word of Moses; they requested from the Egyptians silver vessels, gold vessels, and garments. HASHEM gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians and they granted their

request- so they emptied Egypt. Exodus 12; 40 The habitation of the Children of Israel during which they dwelled in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

Genesis 15;17-18 So it happened: The sun set, and it was very dark. Behold- there was a smoky furnace and a torch of fire which passed between these pieces. On that day HASHEM made a covenant with Abram, saying,

“To your descendants have I given this land…..

*I think that this verse speaks of Yeshua. Also these sound similar and familiar and I think also speak of and identify Yeshua. (Yeshua means Salvation) Exodus 3; 1-2 …he guided the sheep far into the Wilderness, and he arrived

at the Mountain of God, toward Horeb. An angel of HASHEM appeared to him and a blaze of fire from amid the bush. He saw and behold! the bush was burning in the fire but the bush was not consumed.

Exodus 14; 13-14 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! Stand fast and see the salvation of HASHEM that he will perform for you today; for as you have seen Egypt today, you shall not see them ever again! HASHEM

will make war for you, and you shall remain silent.” 19 The angel of God who had been going in front of the camp of Israel moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from in front of them and went behind them.

It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel and there were cloud and darkness- while it illuminated the night- ….

24 It happened at the morning watch that HASHEM looked down at the camp of Egypt with a pillar of fire and cloud, and He confounded the camp of Egypt. * Angel- emissary- agent of God- cloud- expressed image- Yeshua

Exodus 24; 15 Moses ascended the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. The glory of HASHEM rested upon Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for a six-day period. He called to Moses on the seventh day from the midst

of the cloud. The appearance of the glory of HASHEM was like a consuming fire on the mountaintop before the eyes of the Children of Israel. Moses arrived in the midst of the cloud and ascended the mountain; and Moses was on

the mountain for forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 34; 5-7 HASHEM descended in a cloud and stood with him there, and He called out with the Name of HASHEM. HASHEM passed before him and proclaimed: HASHEM, HASHEM, God, Compassionate and

Gracious, Slow to Anger, and Abundant in Kindness and Truth; Preserver of Kindness for thousands of generations, Forgiver of Iniquity, Willful Sin, and Error, and Who Cleanses- but does not cleanse completely, recalling the iniquity

of parents upon children and grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.

Matt. 24;12-13 and many people’s love will grow cold because of increased distance from Torah. But whoever hold out till the end will be delivered. Yeshua- Salvation, Yeshua- Torch that passed through pieces to make covenant with

Israel forever….

The Torch-Lapid (lamed pe yod dalet) is a title for the Messiah

Isaiah 62;1-5 For Zion’s sake I will not be silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not be still, until her righteousness emanates like a bright light, and her salvation blazes like a torch. (read on in your bible, the entire verse speaks of future

promises kept from the beginning by our groom <3)

Genesis 17;15-17 And God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife-do not call her name Sarai, for Sarah is her name. I will bless her and she shall give rise to nations; kings of peoples will rise from her.”

And Abraham threw himself upon his face and laughed; and he thought, “Shall a child be born to a hundred-year-old man? And shall Sarah- a ninety-year-old woman give birth?”

*Abraham is 100, Sarah is 99 years old. This shows us that through prayer and divine intervention there is an emergence of a nation; God’s way of proving that the Jewish people are not a natural

phenomenon; without miracles the Jewish people would not have existed, not could they continue to exist. We see this proof clearly before our eyes as we look at Israel.

*We see Sarah is made an equal party in this covenantal promise. And just as Abraham’s new role was signified by a change of name we see Sarai- my princess changes in her role to

Sarah- princess to all the nations of the world .

Again we see Yod Hey Vav Hey- YAHWEH- God, giving part of His name, His breath- Ruach- Spirit to Sarah by adding the Hey at the end of Sarah (see link for a teaching on Hey)

verse 17- Abraham’s laughter was not skeptical but jubilant; he laughed out of sheer joy at the news that Sarah would bear a son. He laughed can be rendered as He rejoiced.

Genesis 17;18 And Abraham said to God, “O that Ishmael might live before You!” *Abraham loves Ishmael at this point, and he longed for him to live righteously before God. He envisioned Ishmael to be the bearer of the Abrahamic

spiritual mission. He was shocked that Ishmael would be unworthy of being his successor and feared that his true heir might signal Ishmael’s death, so that this response brings on this literal prayer for his life.

Genesis 17;19 God said, ” Nonetheless, your wife Sarah will bear you a son and you shall call his name Isaac; I will fulfill My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his offspring

after him. ” *God clearly reaffirms that Isaac with be the only perpetuator of the Abrahamic Covenant, and none other. Ancient covenant didn’t stop just at the two parties involved. It was inclusive of family

…If I come into covenant with you and walk through the pieces, make a verbal declaration, meal and wine are shared, etc….you die (God forbid) I am bound to defend your family with my life just as I would have to you.

Why? They are literally your blood. Make sense? Isaac means laughter!! Referring to Abraham’s joyous laughter.

We finish up Lech Lecha- “Go out” with Abraham performing the physical sign of the covenant on himself, Ishmael and all the male members (no pun intended. It’s a joke.) of his house.

Genesis 17;26-27 On that very day was Abraham circumcised with Ishmael his son, and all the people of his household, born in his household and purchased for money from a stranger, were circumcised with him.

*Something I heard in a teaching last night: Then- YAHWEH wanted their hearts- then once that faith and trust had been established had been declared, the outward circumcision was performed as a sign of the trust and belief that by

being set apart in every way the covenant promises would be kept, blessings unfold…. ps. YAHWEH still wants our hearts first and foremost. Otherwise none of the “signs” are for Him, right? Now- It’s reversed.

For example, to convert to Judaism (or be a “real Jew”-no wonder some Jew’s aren’t “practicing”) this is the first thing, must be done if you want to be “in”- get circumcision then go about ensuring that the heart is there.

Which may or may not happen. Then there’s the thought, my heart is there…therefore I don’t need any sort of outward signs. No keeping the Sabbath, Festivals, Kosher,etc.


Vayiera “And appeared” This portion Genesis 18;1-22;24 includes the Akeidah- binding of Issac which is a foreshadowing of the Father and Son willingly and faithfully (to all of us) Together in an

act of the ultimate sacrifice. I am humbled to be able to go through this text today. Abraham, still recovering from his circumcision sits in the heat of the day then he actually runs to serve

them. A suffering, 100 year old man in the heat of the day near the month of Nissan(April) in the middle eastern desert…greets his guests bowing then humbly describes the delicious feast he

serves as a morsel of bread, RUNS to the cattle and sets about delegating tasks to Sarah and Ishmael whom he charges to be a part of this Mitzvah of serving guests. Abraham prepares the food

serves them and then stands as they recline and eat. The cakes she prepares are similar to Matzah, this being near the time of Pesach. These three guests are three angels. Verse 1 begins with

“HASHEM appeared to him in the plains of Mamre…” in another translation it says “The glory of the Lord…”

Genesis 18;1-8 Adonai appeared to him in the plains of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance of the tent in the heat of the day. He lifted his eyes and saw: And behold! three men were

standing over him. He perceived, so he ran toward them from the entrance of the tent, and bowed to the ground. and he said “My Lord, if I find favor in Your eyes now please pass not away from

Your servant.”Let some water be brought and wash your feet, and recline beneath the tree. I will fetch a morsel of bread that you may sustain yourselves, then go on- inasmuch as you have passed

your servant’s way.”They said, “Do so, just as you have said.” So Abraham hastened to the tent to Sarah and said, “Hurry! Three se’ahs of meal, fine flour! Knead and make cakes!” Then Abraham ran

to the cattle, took a calf, tender and good, and gave it to the youth who hurried to prepare it. He took cream and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and placed these before then; he stood

over them beneath the tree and they ate. Ok. Urgency, urgency, urgency. With his weakened state, heat, age upon him…we read: ran-bowed-hastened-hurry!-!-ran-hurried- took-prepared-placed-stood. Abraham teaches us about

generosity, about service, about hospitality! And get it done with all you’ve got in you. Also I think he may be expecting some news about his future and promised heir 🙂 But first serve these divine guests.

Genesis 18;10 And he said, “I will surely return to you at this time next year, and behold Sarah your wife will have a son.” (*Remember if this is near Pesach, Isaac will be born near Pesach. Yeshua came as suffering SERVANT;

he washed the feet of his emissaries; they ate bread together…near what time?

John 13;1 It was just before the festival of Pesach, and Yeshua knew that the time has come for him to pass from this world to the Father. 5 Then he poured some water into a basin to wash the feet of the Talmidim and wipe them off

with the towel wrapped around him.

Luke 22;27 For who is greater? The one reclining at the table? or the one who serves? It’s the one reclining at the table, isn’t it? But I myself am among you like the one who serves.

He serves us each day in his current role as High Priest, taking every prayer (still at our service!) as incense to the Father. He is the Guardian of Israel

Psalm 121;3-4 He will not allow your foot to falter; your Guardian will not slumber. Behold, He neither slumbers not sleeps, the Guardian of Israel.

We don’t know when he will return but he told us what to do: Matt.24;44 Therefore you too must always be ready, for the Son of Man will come when you are not expecting him. He will come but this time as Conquering King

Luke 21;27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with tremendous power and glory. When all these things start to happen, stand up and hold your heads high; because you are about to be liberated!”

Why do I love the Torah so much? Not only because it is the Heart of my King, showing how much he loves us…but because each time a search, I see more and more of Yeshua, everywhere….through

the Tanakh I am still getting to know my groom. And learning how to prepare myself for him.

I pray for anyone who is reading or may someday read all the beautiful things we have here at our fingertips!

Blessed are You YAHWEH who by His will brings upon evenings, with wisdom opens gates…I pray You will continue to open the gates to my heart. Amen and amein

Genesis 18;12 -15 And Sarah laughed at herself, saying, “After I have withered shall I again have delicate skin? And my husband is old!” Then HASHEM said to Abraham,” Why is it that Sarah laughed saying: ‘Shall Iin truth bear

a child, though I have aged?- Is anything beyond HASHEM?! At the appointed time I will return to you at this time next year, and Sarah will have a son.” Sarah denied it, saying,” I did not laugh,” for she was frightened. But he said,

“No, you laughed indeed.”

[note:Ex.6;9 So Moses spoke accordingly to the Children of Israel; but they did not heed Moses, because of shortness of breath and hard work. We see that Sarah’s laughter not only was addressed

by God (as opposed to Abraham’s) but with “defense”. This response reminds me of Ex.4;11 Then HASHEM said to him, “Who makes a mouth for man, or who makes one dumb or deaf, or sighted or blind?

Is it not HASHEM?….It is said that Sarah did not “lie” to God saying she didn’t laugh, but that she HAD laughed with joy at the prospect however subconsciously (God can see there too of course)

she doubted. Why? Years of suffering, waiting and hoping. Years of abuse (Hagar’s ridicule). Similar to the Children of Israel in Egypt. After years of waiting and hoping they were beat down

(literally), so they could not believe Moses and God’s promises for them. ]

*The word moed means “appointed time”, This word reefer’s to biblical festivals, God’s appointed times. Just as Isaac is the promised and long awaited son, just as he was born at the appointed

time so too the Messiah will return at the appointed time. We celebrate Yeshua in all the Festivals, which he participated in during his first coming. (See link below for FREE teachings about the Feasts of the Lord.)

Genesis 18;19 For I have loved him, because he commands his children and his household after him that they keep the way of HASHEM, doing charity and justice, in order that HASHEM might then

bring upon Abraham that which He had spoken of him.” (* God loved Abraham because he would always convey God’s teachings to his offspring. One reveals his values by what he teaches his children. For one to preach morality but

not include it into your own family reveals that the preaching is less than sincere. The reason Abraham was entitled to a role in Divine conduct of the world was because of what he would teach to his children. This is a great lesson for

us as parents. I often struggle as I notice how I am preaching for example patience to my daughter and then, I loose it. We must be accountable and responsible too. Someone very close to me has invested their entire motivation into a

“legacy” to “leave behind”; unfortunately this person traded the real legacy- fellowship, leadership, teaching and communion with your children and grandchildren in love with YAHWEH in Yeshua- for physical and selfish things such as

money, property and vanity. I fall short, but can’t give up.

Genesis 18;20-21 So HASHEM said,” Because the outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, and because their sin has been very grave, I will descend and see: If they act in accordance with

its outcry which has come to Me- then destruction! And if not, I will know. (*”out cry” – sound of the rebellion against God, sound of the violence against the innocent, sound of the cry of the oppressed )

In Genesis 18;22-33 Abraham Intercedes for Sodom Why did Abraham plead so strenuously for a people who were notoriously wicked? Ordinarily people preach kindness, but they become outraged and hate those who dispute their

values. Abraham felt no animosity toward evildoers, he just wanted for them to change for the better. He felt that if there was at least ten good people in a city there was hope that they could influence others by teaching and example.

The condemned cities included Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim and Zoar. Five cities, 10 good people in each to be determined thus he starts his plea at 50.

Genesis 18;24 What if there should be fifty righteous people in the midst of the city? Would You still stamp it out rather than spare the place for the sake of fifty righteous people within it? (* “in the midst of the city…” Not hiding out in

their homes, not being observant inside while irreverent out in town. Not silent in the midst of sinfulness. The test of “righteousness” is that you be ready to act on your convictions even in a hostile environment. To be involved with your

fellows, trying to influence them to improve.)

Genesis 18;33 HASHEM departed when He had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place. *As soon as the advocate-Abraham becomes silent, the Judge departs.

Lot in Sodom *When I read through this I saw nearly identical “behavior” by Lot and Abraham. This tells me that Abraham surely rubbed of on Lot and he was able to withstand and maintain his “upbringing” even

though surrounded by the wickedness of Sodom. ex’s: Abraham sitting at the entrance of the tent Lot sitting at the gate of the city Abraham runs toward the men and bowed, saying “My Lord, pass not away from your servant…wash

your feet, then go on …” Lot stands up and bows, saying “…my Lords, turn about to your servants house, wash your feet,…and go on your way….”(there is more urgency for this departure though I think because Lot perceives what the

people of Sodom my conspire to do.)

Abraham makes a feast…. Genesis 19;3 And he urged them very much, so they turned toward him and came to his house; he made a feast for them and baked matzos, and they ate. *Again this identifies the time being Pesach..

.(How did they know how to “keep” Pesach? I believe the Torah is from the beginning, I believe that Yeshua is the Torah/Word of God in Flesh…there at the beginning, I believe Adam was “taught” Torah by God and that was passed to

generation after generation orally. ) Note: When the angels appear to Abraham in the verse it says, “Men”(we know they were angels). Here to Lot the verse identifies them as “Angels”. Interesting.

{ Yom Chamishi- Iyar 24 Today is the 40th Day of the Omer counting, we are so close to Shavuot a wonderful celebration remembering the giving of the Torah! Thank You my King for giving us this time to refine ourselves, remembering you already freed us from Egypt- Mitzraim=Trials and tribulation to be a God to us. Then knowing that we would still

bring bad habits and culture from our past you gave us this time of the counting of the Omer to prepare to receive a window into Your indescribable heart for us…to guide us through life, armed! Thank You! Amein}

Plitith was a third daughter of Lot and was killed when her kind deed was discovered. The story of Plitith is not found in the Bible itself, rather it is from the Midrash Pirkei D’Rabbi Eliezer. Here is the story with a few more details:

Plitith, the daughter of Lot, was married to one of the leading citizens of Sodom. One day, she saw a pauper starving in the street, and her soul was saddened over him. What did she do? Every day,when she went to draw water from

the well, she would take some of the food from her home in her pitcher and feed the pauper. But the people of Sodom wondered, “This pauper, how is he surviving?” Eventually the matter became known and she was taken out to be

burned, and her cries rose to the Divine Throne.

Fire from Heaven… Pertaining verses HASHEM examines the righteous one, but He despises the wicked and the lover of violence. He will rain down coals upon the wicked; fire and brimstone and a burning blast is their allotted

portion. For HASHEM is righteous, He loves those of righteous deeds- those whose face beholds righteousness. Psalm11; 5-7

Likewise, as it was in the time of Lot- people ate and drank, bought and sold, planted and built; but the day

Lot left S’dom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. That is how it will be on the day the Son of Man is revealed. On that day, if someone is on the roof with his belongings

in his house, he must not go down to take them away. Similarly, if someone is in the field, he must not turn back- remember Lot’s wife! Whoever aims at preserving his own life will loose it, but

whoever loses his life will stay alive. Luke3 17;28-33

Genesis 19;24-29 Now HASHEM has caused sulfur and fire to rain upon Sodom and Gomorrah, from HASHEM, out of heaven. He overturned these cities and the entire plain, with all the inhabitants of the cities and

the vegetation of the soil. His wife peered behind him and she became a pillar of salt. Abraham rose early in the morning to the place where he had stood before HASHEM. And he gazed down upon

Sodom and Gomorrah and the entire surface of the of the plain; and saw- and behold! the smoke of the earth rose like the smoke of a kiln. And so it was when God destroyed the cities of the

plain that God remembered Abraham; so He sent Lot from amidst the upheaval when He overturned the cities which Lot had lived. (*the text makes a point to note that by Abraham’s standing with God is Lot saved. Covenant.)

Isaiah 30;29-33 The song will be yours like the night of the festival’s consecration, and heartfelt gladness like one who walks with a flute, to come onto the mountain of HASHEM, to the Rock of Israel. HASHEM

will make heard the majesty of His voice, and He will show the potency of His arm, with raging anger and with the flame of a consuming fire, with smashing, torrent and hailstone. For Assyria

will become devastated by the voice of HASHEM, as if He struck it with a stick. And it shall be that with every passage of the firm staff that HASHEM will place upon him there will be timbrels

and harps, and He will fight wars against them like a waving of the hand. For Hell has been prepared from yesterday; it has been readied even for the king; God has deepened and widened it; its

inferno has much fire and wood, and the breath of HASHEM like a stream of sulfur burning within it. (*The song like that at the night of the first Passover-verse 1)

Revelation 8;3-5 Another angel came and stood at the altar with a gold incense bowl, and he was given a large quantity of incense to add to the prayers of all God’s people on the gold altar in front of the

throne. The smoke of the incense went up with the prayers of God’s people from t he hand of the angel before God. Then the angel took the incense-bowl, filled it with the fire from the altar

and threw it down onto the earth; and there followed peals of thunder, voices, flashes of lightning and an earthquake.”

As I going through the Torah cycle for this year I am finding striking connections to subject matter. I tried to put out on FB this Bible Study group to participate alongside a good friend of

mine in her journey into the Word. I get busy sometimes and fail to keep up with posts. This has become a little window for me to serve my King. I have few friends and family close but am rich

with support of my special three and daily opportunity and protection from my King. A resounding “message” in my heart is : TIME. TIME. To use is it in service to our King in whatever way possible, in service to our fellow man…

because there is only so much time left. Often I am surrounded by a warm and delightful “cloud” of Grace and Love, Light and Hope….sometimes I take it for granted and then there is a sharp and convicting reminder that there is

Judgment and He is Righteous, There are so many warnings and so many instructions for us as His beloved children….on how to avoid trouble and how to have discernment when we are attacked. What is expected of us and what

He promises us. Nearing Shavuoth, (Pentecost)…the “birthday of the ten commitments”…I see how the Omer Count has flown by, TIME. Forty six days already? Did I use this time to evaluate myself in the desert? Preparing my

heart, mind, soul…to receive, to commit in a new and deep way? Or have these days and weeks passed in Casualness?

In Parasha Bechukosai (“in my Statutes”) Leviticus 26;3-27;34 We read the incredible promises of God and realize He does have warnings that come with His expectations of those who are in Covenant with Him.

Lev.26; 40-46 Then they will confess their sin and the sin of their forefathers, for the treachery with which you betrayed Me, also for having behaved toward Me with casualness. I, too, will behave toward them with casualness and

I will bring them into the land of their enemies- perhaps then their unfeeling heart will be humbled and then they will gain appeasement for their sin. I will remember My covenant with Jacob and also My covenant with Isaac, and also

My covenant with Abraham will I remember, and I will remember the Land. The Land will be bereft of them; and it will be appeased for its sabbaticals having become desolate of them; and they must gain appeasement for their iniquity;

because they were revolted by My ordinances and because their spirit rejected My decrees. But despite all this, while they will be in the land of their enemies, I will not have been revolted by them nor will I have rejected them to

obliterate them, to annul My covenant with them- for I am HASHEM their God. I will remember for them the covenant of the ancients, those whom I have taken out of the Land of Egypt before the eyes of the nations, to be God unto

them- I am HASHEM. These are the decrees, the ordinances, and the teachings that HASHEM gave, between Himself and the Children of Israel, at Mount Sinai, through Moses.

Lev.24;22 There shall be one law for you, it shall be for proselyte and native alike, for I, HASHEM, am your God.

-I am lifting prayers for firefighters, people and homes. I am thinking about Lot’s wife who didn’t heed warnings. I am thinking about how Lot lingered in the city…till God’s emissaries physically pulled him out, saving his life allowing God’s promises to be kept and for the future of the Davidic line to

continue: Ruth, ancestress of King David (and Naamah who would marry King Solomon)….King Messiah, Yeshua…when we miss out on opportunity to look, search for what you teach us and warn us for our betterment.

Truly we loose. When we miss chances to stand before you and lift prayers as incense for those in need and for ourselves to serve you better….I ache with that loss. Thank You for holding me, for healing me, inching me once again into

Your Light. All eyes look to You with Hope! You give them their food in its proper time. Blessed are You, YAWEH, our God, King of the Universe, Who gave us the Torah of truth and implanted eternal life within us.

Blessed are You YAHWEH, Giver of the Torah. Amein…

Later in this section we will read about Lot and his daughters. Once having fled Sodom they start out in Zoar, then journey and dwell in a cave. Lot becomes drunk (or “made drunk” as the girls attempt to continue their progeny and

“ply” their father with wine so that they may “lay with him to give life to offspring through…”Lot) .In the Hebrew the name the older daughter gives her son Moab comes from- “from father”, here we see a sort of shamelessness on her

part. The younger daughter names her son Ben-ammi (the ancestor of Ammon) which means -Son of my people, modestly concealing her father….it is said she was rewarded in Moses’s time, when God commanded the Jewish people

not to instigate war with Ammon.

Seventh test/trial of Abraham The abduction of Sarah by Abimelech in Gerar There are some differences in this abduction than that in Egypt. 1-Abraham doesn’t ask Sarah if she would “refer” to herself as his brother, he simply says it.

2-God comes to Abimelech in a dream by night and did not do so to Pharaoh. We read right away that Abraham is journeying without a command by God, then comes this trial. He had not expected a repetition of the abduction of

Sarah, and King Abimelech was a “righteous” king by the standards of the time and Gerar was a more “law-abiding” city than Egypt. Genesis 20; 1-5 Abraham journeyed from there to the region of the south and settled between

Kadesh and Shur, and he sojourned in Gerar. Abraham said of Sarah his wife, “She is my sister”; so Abimelech, King of Gerar, sent, and took Sarah. And God came to Abimelech in a dream by night and said to him, “Behold you are

to die because of the woman you have taken; moreover she is a married woman.” Now Abimelech had not approached her; so he said, “O my Lord, will You slay a nation even though it is righteous?”. Did not he himself tell me; ‘she is

my sister’? And she, too, herself said: ‘He is brother!’ In the innocence of my heart and integrity of my hands have I done this.”

Genesis 20;6 -7 And God said to him in the dream, ” I, too, knew that it was in the innocence of your heart that you did this and I, too, prevented you from sinning against Me; that is why I did not permit you to touch her. But now return

the man’s wife for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you will live…..

-Even though Abilemelech took her, he did intend to marry her; Abraham and she did confirm she was his sister (remember she truly is his niece)…however God makes it quite clear it was He Who stopped Sarah’s defilement

(The midrash says in the form of impotence), and further it should be noted that Sarah carries the weight of Israel in her virtue and God would not have allowed sin against her thus “Me”/Himself…He is in Covenant with Sarah too.

Next we see God makes the statement that only through the prayer on behalf of Abimelech and his household would they be granted relief and not perish (In gen.20;17-18 we read what they had been suffering with (yikes):

Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, his wife, and his maids, and they were relieved; for HASHEM had completely restrained every orifice of the household of Abimelech, because of Sarah the wife of Abraham.)

Note also that the king already had a wife, it makes me consider the standard of righteousness for Kings at the time if Abimelech was “more righteous” than the other kings.

Genesis 20;14-16 So Abimelech took flocks and cattle and servants and maidservants and gave to Abraham; and he returned his wife Sarah to him. And Abimelech said “Behold, my land is before you:

settle wherever you see fit.” And to Sarah he said, “Behold I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver. Behold! Let it be an eye covering for all who are with you; and you will be vindicated.”

-Like the Egypt abduction this one in Gerar ends with Abraham leaving with riches. Unlike leaving Egypt they were not invited to dwell in the land, Abimelech makes this offer for them to settle

freely. Remember this declaration here it will come up again soon. Abimelech does show character here by giving to Abraham the silver to ensure that none of her people would accuse her of being

defiled, (an aversion to attention from her, vindication of her conduct.) Abraham prays, God heals….This is NOT the end of Abraham and Abimelech. I pray to find more time to read and comment and for continued growth in heart.

I sometimes consider the state of our nation and wonder what my Father “thinks” as he looks at our relations with His land and the people He promised it to. But today I remember that America began as a nation of people who did

declare God’s authority and sanctity. That many believers have died to keep America a place where you cannot only read the Holy books but discuss them in public. Thank you God for this nation and all the brave men who fought, fight..

have died and continue to risk life so that we may live “free”. You are Master of Wars and truly sow kindnesses in every generation. May every mouth call to you in times of joy and despair, You Act. You Do.

Blessed are You YAHWEH our God, King of the universe, Who has kept us alive, sustained us, and brought us to this season. Amein

The Birth of Isaac

Even more incredible than a barren woman conceiving and giving birth is a virgin conceiving and giving birth. We see connections to Isaac and Messiah, Isaac is a select child of God with a great

destiny before him.

Abraham’s 8th and 9th trials- Sending away Hagar; Sending off Ishmael

Genesis 21; HASHEM remembered Sarah as He had said; and HASHEM did for Sarah as He had spoken.

Sarah conceived and bore a son unto Abraham in his old age, at the appointed time which God had spoken.

Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him- whom Sarah had borne him- Isaac. Abraham circumcised his son Isaac at the age of eight days as God had commanded him. And Abraham was a

hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. Sarah said, “God has made laughter for me; whoever hears will laugh for me.” And she said, “Who is the One Who said to Abraham, ‘Sarah

would nurse children?’ For I have borne a son in his old age!” The child grew and was weaned. Abraham made a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned. Sarah saw the son of Hagar, the Egyptian,

whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking. So she said to Abraham, “Drive out this slave woman along with her son, for the son of that slave woman shall not inherit with my son, with Isaac!” The

matter greatly distressed Abraham regarding his son. So God said to Abraham, “Be not distressed over the youth or the slave woman: Whatever Sarah tells you, heed her voice, since through

Isaac will offspring be considered yours. But the son of the slave woman as well will I make into a nation for he is your offspring.” So Abraham awoke early in the morning, took bread and a

skin of water, and gave them to Hagar. He placed them on her shoulder along with the boy, and sent her off. She departed, and strayed in the desert of Beer-sheba. When the water of the skin was

consumed, she cast off the boy beneath one of the trees. She went and sat herself down at a distance, some bowshots away, for she said, “Let me not see the death of the child.” And she sat at

a distance, lifted her voice, and wept. God heard the dry of the youth, and an angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What troubles you Hagar? Fear not, for God has heeded

the cry of the youth in his present state. Arise, lift up the youth and grasp your hand upon him, for I will make a great nation of him.” Then God opened her eyes and she perceived a well of

water; she went and filled the skin with water and gave the youth to drink. God was with the youth and he grew up; he dwelt in the desert and became an accomplished archer. He lived in the

desert of Paran, and his mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt. *The word mocking- mem tzadi tav kof- the Hebrew verb denotes the three cardinal sins: idolatry, adultery and murder.

Sarah was convinced that Ishmael’s behavior proved that he had been thoroughly corrupt and evil, he could not remain in the household and had to be sent away. Inheritance in the sense of property

was unlikely the concern of Sarah, rather the concern was that Ishmael whose mockery had proven him to be unworthy, would seek to declare himself as Abraham’s heir and seek to exclude Isaac

from fulfillment of his Godly mission. Any relationship with wicked people would have been harmful to Isaac and his children, just as Abraham recognized when he decided that he and lot could not

remain together. *Abraham was distressed that Sarah had demanded him to send his son Ishmael away and as well because Ishmael’s behavior showed that he had fallen into evil ways. Abraham

noticed the same things Sarah had but he must have felt that Ishmael should not leave the wholesome influence of his home. If Hagar had corrupted the boy in Abraham’s house around his great

example, surely it would be much worse if she were to become the sole influence over him. This is a trial, to relinquish “control” over his son to someone he knew to be irresponsible. God comforts

Abraham in two ways, showing him that Sarah’s directive was prophetic and in line with his will; and although only Isaac is reckoned as Abraham’s true son- Ishmael is his offspring and would

become a nation by that merit.

*It says, Abraham awoke early…just as he did to perform the commandment of circumcision, without delay he does so even though he was saddened at the task. This truly is a trial to trust God

enough to do as He willed and trust him with the fate of one he loved. Abraham surely gave Hagar and Ishmael more than enough water and food for the journey to safety, but they wandered and

became lost, consuming all their provisions. The word strayed indicated that Hagar soon after departure strayed back to her idolatrous ways. Hagar shows her character here as Ishmael becomes

sick and is on the brink of death; rather than comfort him in his last minutes she leaves him selfishly so that she not suffer in the presence of his agony. God heard his cries, not hers. Her

loud weeping was selfish and valueless. Ishmael is saved by a miracle, and the words opened her eyes suggested that there had been water there all along, God always provides what we need, but

we must be ready to open our eyes and see it!

The Tenth trial of Abraham- God asks him to bring his son Isaac as an offering to Him.

The Hebrew term used to identify the binding of Isaac is Akeidah, the word Achad (please correct any mistakes in the Hebrew spelling, I did my best with the resources I could find) means

Bound or striped (referring to the marks left from someone bound). Connect this whole event as a foreshadowing of Messiah Yeshua’s sacrifice for us. Just as Isaac’s hands were bound and

striped, by the Master’s stripes we are healed.

Connect Abraham to our Heavenly Father and Isaac to Yeshua as you read the text, I believe the best way is to read through this portion then I will try and comment below. And it happened after these things that God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham,”- and he replied,”Here I am.” And He said, “Please take your son, your only one, whom you love- Isaac-

and go to the land of Moriah; bring him up there as an offering upon one of the mountains which I shall tell you.” So Abraham woke up early in the morning and he saddled his donkey; he took

his two young men with him and Isaac, his son; he split the wood for the offering, and stood up and went to the place of which God had spoken to him. On the third day, Abraham raised his eyes

and perceived the place from afar. And Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here by yourselves with the donkey, while I and the lad will go yonder; we will worship and we will return to you.”

And Abraham took the wood for the offering and placed it on Isaac, his son. he took in his hand the fire and the knife, and the two of them went together. Then Isaac spoke to Abraham his father

and said, “Father-” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Here are the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the offering?” And Abraham said, “God will seek out for Himself the

lamb for the offering, my son.” And the two of them went together. They arrived at the place of which God had spoken to him; Abraham built the altar there, and arranged the wood; he bound Isaac,

his son, and he placed him on the altar atop the wood. Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife to slaughter his son. And an angel of HASHEM called to him from heaven, and said,

“Abraham! Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” And he said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad nor do anything to him for now I know that you are a God-fearing man, since you have

not withheld your son, your only one, from Me.” And Abraham raised his eyes and saw- behold, a ram!- afterwards, caught in the thicket by its horns; so Abraham went and took the ram and

offered it up as an offering instead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that site, “HASHEM Yireh,” as it is said this day, on the mountain HASHEM will be seen. The angel of HASHEM

called to Abraham a second time from heaven. And her said, Myself I swear- the word of HASHEM that because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only one, that I will

surely bless you and greatly increase your offspring like the stars of the heavens and like the sand on the seashore; and your offspring shall inherit the gate of its enemy. And all the nations of the

earth shall bless themselves by your offspring, because you have listened to My voice.” Abraham returned to his young men, and they stood up and went together to Beer-sheba and Abraham

stayed at Beer-sheba. Genesis 22; 1-19 *In the Hebrew you can see the tone of God’s request is NOT a command, but a PERSONAL REQUEST….as if “Please, do this thing for me if you will….” *God specifies: Your son, your only one, whom you love….Isaac. *Again we see Abraham wake’s early to do as God wills. Again we see him actively taking part even at an old age in obedience as he splits the wood. *The Hebrew word na’ar- is the same used for Lad and Young man, when you hear lad…don’t think of a little boy. Isaac was around 30 years old when this took place (connect this to Yeshua’s

age at the start of his ministry and through crucifixion, 30’s) *In the midrash it says that the two young men who were with Abraham and Isaac on this journey were Ishmael and Eliezar. *They travel for three days and Abraham perceives Mount Moriah- Moriah is where the temple mount is located. So we see here, this offering is to foreshadow 1000’s of years of offerings in

the temple. (connect this taking place on the 3rd day of this journey of the father and long awaited miracle child to be sacrificed to Yeshua’s sacrifice and resurrection on the 3rd day. *Here we see the father place the wood upon his son (connect this to Yeshua and the stake/cross) *In verse 8 Abraham indicates that God will provide the lamb (we know that God did provide a RAM in vs.13 and the Lamb as Yeshua, another note is that it is said the Akeidah happened on

Pesach-Passover just as the Master’s died on the cross at the moment the Pesach Lamb’s were being offered in the Temple) *The following verses should paint a picture of the trust of Abraham who surely reassured Isaac who also loved and trusted God. *Hebrews 17;19 By trusting, Avraham, when he was put to the test, offered up Yitz’chak as a sacrifice. Yes, he offered up his only son, he who received the promises, to whom it had been said, “What is called

your ‘seed’ will be in Yitz’chak.” For he had concluded that God could even raise people from the dead! And figuratively speaking, he did so receive him.” *John 8;56 “Avraham, your father, was glad that he would see my day; then he saw it and was overjoyed.” (So Abraham must have been shown by God Yeshua and all that would take place, so he knew that surely Isaac too could be resurrected if /when God willed) *Something very important to take to heart is that Isaac and Abraham did this together, in accord, as one..the word used here in Hebrew is Echad…with means One. Isaac could easily have overpowered his elderly father, They were in complete unity. Gen.22;8…and they went on together. *****Amos 3;3 Do two people walk together unless they are so arranged.***** (John 10;17-18 “This is why the Father loves me; because I lay down my life- in order to take it up again! No one takes it away from me; on the contrary, I lay it down of my own free will.

I have the power to lay it down, and I have the power to take it up again. This is what my Father has commanded me to do.” *The father and the son go on to the sacrifice as one. Where is Isaac? Gen. 22;19 The son does not return again until he is to meet his bride. There is no mention of Isaac in the Torah again until he in the field at the time of the harvest and he meets Rebecca.

Covenant language I am very thankful for the wonderful things I have been learning about Ancient Covenant and covenant language of the bible. It is very crucial I believe and I really think it puts a whole new

perspective on the texts as you read, as well as making it so much more alive and visual. Once you understand the mechanics your imagination can really paint the picture the text is trying to

get across. At http://www.wisdomintorah.com you can find incredible teaching about everything, it is 10 bucks a month and well worth it. Rico is a blessed servant of God and recently created a section

called the Yeshiva with additional teachers and already I am excited.

Now: This next section in Genesis we encounter a covenant, oath…but I’d like to bring out two examples of covenant in the book of Ruth (we just read through Ruth during Shavuoth, a blessed

and beautiful reminder of being grafted in and of redemption!! God makes something out of nothing, creates a whole new life from a “broken” and “orphaned” woman). Elimelech and Naomi, have two

sons (Mahlon and Chilion) who marry Orpah and Ruth. Elimelech dies, the two sons die, there are no sons or daughters to Orpah and Ruth and all three women are left widowed. Ruth is a Moabite

and it was said that she was actually royalty of Moab, thus she could have easily returned to her kinsman to find security. Orpah heeds the instruction of Naomi to leave and find a new life for

she can not offer the women any more sons (one big measure of a woman’s “worth” being her ability to procreate and have a family.) Ruth promises to remain with Naomi, follow her and follow God.

She makes an oath and comes into covenant with Naomi.

Ruth 1; 14-17 They raised their voice and wept again. Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her. So she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has returned to her people and her gods;

return after your sister-in-law .” But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you, to turn back from following. For where you go, I will go; where you lodge, I will lodge; your people are my

people , and your God is my God; where you die, I will die, and there be buried. Thus may HASHEM do to me, and so may He do more, if anything but death separates me from you. ” Again this is the language of life and death, swearing before God and confessing with the mouth an oath that if “I break my word let my life be forfeit”.

(this link I have mentioned before but it is a free teaching that is great on covenant http://www.yah-tube.com/videos/rico/Covenant_Pieces_1/index.html)

The following verses speak of Covenant, redemption and levirate marriage. Ruth 4;7-10 Formerly this was done in Israel in cases of redemption and exchange transactions to validate any matter: One would draw off his shoe, and give it to the other. This was the

process of ratification in Israel. So when the redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself,” he drew off his shoe. And Boaz said to the elders, and to all the people, “You are witness this day

that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s from the hand of Naomi. And, what is more, I have also acquired Ruth the Moabite, the wife of Mahlon, as my

wife, to perpetuate the name of the deceased on his inheritance, that the name of the deceased not be cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses today.” The section speaks of Boaz exchanging the shoe in order to ratify the “contract” with the redeemer of Ruth to ensure that he (Boaz) would be the one to redeem her (…we can “talk” about

redemption more later it often skimmed over when you read without Hebrew roots perspective and is also VERY crucial to understanding what Yeshua did for us on when he came and died that we

may live, Life for life.), this is in connection to the Bible Study as Abraham presents the Seven Ewes at Beer Sheba for Abimelech to take as witness, exchange, to ratify their covenant. Genesis 21;27-33

So Abraham took flocks and cattle and gave them to Abimelech; and the two of them entered into a covenant. Abraham set seven ewes of the flock by themselves. And Abimelech said to Abraham,

“What are these seven ewes which you have set by themselves?” And he replied, “Because you are to take these seven ewes from me, that it may serve me as a testimony that I dug this well.”

Therefore the place was called Beer-Sheba because there the two men took an oath. Thus, they entered into a covenant at Beer-sheba; Abimelech then arose, with Phicol, general of his legion,

and they returned to the land of the Philistines. He planted an ‘eshel’ in Beer-sheba, and there he proclaimed the Name of HASHEM, God of the Universe. And Abraham sojourned in the land of the

Philistines many years.

*Beer-sheba means “well of the seven” or “well of the oath”; The Hebrew number Sheva is seven (note: Shavuoth- weeks- is the end of the counting of the Omer where we count “seven

complete weeks” lev.23;15-16)

As we read on “well of the seven” will refer to the sacrifices by Isaac to honor his oath and the seven wells dug by Isaac there. In Genesis 21;22 Abimelech comes to Abraham and desires to come into covenant with him not because of his wealth or power but because “God is with you in all that you do.” He asks him to swear an oath (outward verbal confession that is witnessed) and Abraham does. The Philistines honor this oath until the days of Samson. Next there is exchange of property and

by Abimelech taking the ewe’s he ratify’s the covenant and we read later of the continued “trouble” regarding this place with Issac. Regarding verse 33 *It is said Abraham planted an orchard, whose fruits he served to wayfarers. Continuing his mission, always looking for opportunity to share the goodness of God and convert

pagans. I have done some research on the Eshel, I know that planting of a tree is also involved in covenant. I will write more on that later as well, it is important to understand this point

about the tree “planting” , here is a note by Rambam: Negative Mitzvah 13: You shall not plant an “Asherah” – “a beautiful tree” Deuteronomy 16:21 “Do not plant for yourself an Asherah of any tree near the altar of the L-rd thy G-d” The “Asherah” is a tree that is planted near the house of idol- worship in order to make the area more beautiful. We are forbidden to plant trees near the altar of the Temple –

the Beit HaMikdash.The Torah wants our service of HaShem to be holy and special. It should, in no way, resemble any form of idol-worship. Because of this, there were no trees planted on the

Temple site. (Just a side note, take a look now (google) at the Temple mount. Covered with trees and bushes. ) I am currently learning more about “declaring the Name” of God and how to use it when to use it how it is appropriate or not…VERY interesting. I at this point am going by what I know right

now and off of the teachers whom I trust and know to be goodly shepards guarding the flock and following their examples but always am open to refining and being more proper.

Especially when taking Yeshua and the way he used the Name into account. I’d like to imitate his actions and ways as much as possible. Blessed are You, HASHEM, our God, King of the universe, Who gave us the Torah of truth and implanted eternal life within us.

Blessed are You, HASHEM, Giver of the Torah.Amein


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